republic of seychelles third national report to the convention of biological diversity government of the seychelles

REPUBLIC OF SEYCHELLES
THIRD NATIONAL REPORT TO THE CONVENTION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
GOVERNMENT OF THE SEYCHELLES
============================
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT
=========================
January 2010
CONTENTS
CONTENTS 2
A. REPORTING PARTY 6
B. PRIORITY SETTING, TARGETS AND OBSTACLES 10
The Conference of the Parties, in decision VI/9, annex, adopted the
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Parties and Governments are
invited to develop their own targets with this flexible framework. The
Conference of the Parties considered the Strategy as a pilot approach
for the use of outcome oriented targets under the Convention. In
decision VII/10, the Conference of the Parties decided to integrate
the targets into the reporting framework for the Third National
Reports. Please provide relevant information by responding to the
questions and requests contained in the following tables. 43
C. ARTICLES OF THE CONVENTION 61
Article 5 – Cooperation 61
Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable use 63
Article 7 - Identification and monitoring 67
Article 8 - In-situ conservation 73
[excluding paragraphs (a) to (e), (h) and (j)] 73
Article 8(h) - Alien species 77
Article 8(j) - Traditional knowledge and related provisions 82
Article 9 - Ex-situ conservation 86
Article 10 - Sustainable use of components of biological diversity 87
Article 11 - Incentive measures 92
Article 12 - Research and training 95
Article 13 - Public education and awareness 96
Article 14 - Impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts 100
Article 15 - Access to genetic resources 102
Article 16 - Access to and transfer of technology 105
Article 17 - Exchange of information 108
Article 18 - Technical and scientific cooperation 109
Article 19 - Handling of biotechnology and distribution of its
benefits 112
Article 20 – Financial resources 113
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
X 117
The Seychelles Government provides significant funding for
conservation programmes. The country also receives external support
principally through GEF as well as other donors. 118
D. THEMATIC AREAS 119
Challenges 119
Programme of Work 119
Agricultural 119
Forest 119
Marine and coastal 119
Inland water ecosystem 119
Dry and subhumid lands 119
Mountain 119
(a) Lack of political will and support 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
Not applicable to Seychelles 119
Same as Forest Program of work 119
(b) Limited public participation and stakeholder involvement 119
2 119
2 119
2 119
2 119
(c) Lack of main-streaming and integration of biodiversity issues into
other sectors 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
(d) Lack of precautionary and proactive measures 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
(e) Inadequate capacity to act, caused by institutional weakness 119
2 119
2 119
3 119
1 119
(f) Lack of transfer of technology and expertise 119
3 119
2 119
2 119
2 119
(g) Loss of traditional knowledge 119
3 119
3 119
2 119
NA 119
(h) Lack of adequate scientific research capacities to support all the
objectives 119
2 119
2 119
1 119
2 119
(i) Lack of accessible knowledge and information 119
2 119
1 119
2 119
2 119
(j) Lack of public education and awareness at all levels 119
1 119
2 119
1 119
2 119
(k) Existing scientific and traditional knowledge not fully utilized
119
2 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
(l) Loss of biodiversity and the corresponding goods and services it
provides not properly understood and documented 119
2 119
1 119
1 119
1 119
(m) Lack of financial, human, technical resources 120
3 120
2 120
3 120
3 120
(n) Lack of economic incentive measures 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
(o) Lack of benefit-sharing 120
2 120
3 120
3 120
2 120
(p) Lack of synergies at national and international levels 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
(q) Lack of horizontal cooperation among stakeholders 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
(r) Lack of effective partnerships 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
(s) Lack of engagement of scientific community 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
(t) Lack of appropriate policies and laws 120
1 120
2 120
2 120
1 120
(u) Poverty 120
0 120
0 120
0 120
0 120
(v) Population pressure 120
1 120
1 120
1 120
2 120
(w) Unsustainable consumption and production patterns 120
1 120
1 120
2 120
2 120
(x) Lack of capacities for local communities 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
(y) Lack of knowledge and practice of ecosystem-based approaches to
management 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
(z) Weak law enforcement capacity 120
1 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
(aa) Natural disasters and environmental change 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
2 120
E. OPERATIONS OF THE CONVENTION 151
F. COMMENTS ON THE FORMAT 153
A. REPORTING PARTY
Contracting Party
Republic of Seychelles
N a t i o n a l F o c a l P o i n t
Full name of the institution
Department of Environment
Name and title of contact officer
Mr. Ronley Fanchette: Acting Director Conservation
Mailing address
Botanical Gardens
Telephone
(248) 670595
Fax
(248) 610648
E-mail
[email protected]
Contact officer for national report (if different FROM ABOVE)
Full name of the institution
Department of Environment
Name and title of contact officer
Mr. Cliff Gonzalves: Director Programme Management
Mailing address
C112 Orion Mall Building, Victoria
Telephone
+248 225121
Fax
+248 225945
E-mail
[email protected]
S u b m i s s i o n
Signature of officer responsible for submitting national report
Date of submission
Information on the preparation of the report
I.
Please provide information on the preparation of this report,
including information on stakeholders involved and material used as a
basis for the report.
The 3rd National Report was due in 2004 and a national consultant was
appointed to spearhead the process. Unfortunately disagreement and
delays were encountered which was not suitably addressed at the time.
In October 2009, the Department of Environment decided to reassign the
task to another consultant to complete the third report in order to
fulfill the country’s obligation under the Convention. Given the
extreme delay and lack of comprehensive data sets, the task was
significantly more difficult to undertake within the required
timeframe. It was especially challenging to limit information to the
reporting years. In accordance to instructions, the consultant has
updated information only up to 2004 to the extent possible.
The first draft was prepared using existing literatures with inputs
from expert interviews provided during a whole day stakeholders work
session held on the 13th October 2009. The output of this workshop
complemented one to one interviews with leading experts led to the
development of the second draft of the country report. . In view of
the limited timeframe it was not possible to have one to one interview
with all experts in the various fields; instead electronic
dissemination was used for expert inputs. This was through circulation
within the various sections within the Ministry for Environment which
included Forestry Section, Botanical Gardens, Pollution Control and
Climate and Environment Services. Consultations were also extended to
the civil societies particularly to the Seychelles Island Foundation,
Seychelles National Parks Authority and the Seychelles Marine Research
and Technology (SCMRT)., which are important actors in implementation
of the Convention. In order to ensure the views of all national
stakeholders, copy of the draft report was also sent to all
environmental NGO’s with significant expertise and experience in
conservation. The final document was validated with experts from the
Department of Environment during a 3 day work session held at the end
of February 2010.
The literature review and desktop study was conducted using some key
literatures used for the preparation of this report.
1.
Aride Island Nature Reserve Seychelles, Annual Report;(2008) S.
Mills & M. Yeandle, Island Conservation Society
2.
Commentary on the Development of the Republic of Seychelles Access
to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing Bill (2005); IPGRI ;
Robert J. Lewis-Lettington and Didier Dogley
3.
D’arros Research Centre (DRC) Annual Report 2008-2009 Udo
Engelhardt;
4.
Department of Environment / Biodiversity website
5.
Desroches Conservation Management Plan 2009; Micheal Betts.
6.
Economic Assessment of Seychelles Biodiversity; Lucy Emerton 1997
7.
Genetic Resources Bill – Draft 2010; Ministry of Environment
8.
Global Forest Resources Assessment Country report Seychelles for
FAO; Ester B (2005)
9.
Integrating Biodiversity in the Tourism Sector; A case study on
the Republic Of Seychelles for UNDP/UNEP Biodiversity Planning
Support Programme; Neville, J (March 2001)
10.
Mainstreaming Biodiversity into Production Sectors Activities:
Project Document
11.
Mainstreaming Prevention and Control Measures for Invasive Alien
Species into Trade, Transport and Travel across the Production
Landscape; (Mainstreaming Bio-security Project) Document
12.
Marine Biodiversity of the Seychelles archipelago: The known and
unknown; Bijoux et al
13.
National Report on Alien Invasive Species to the Convention on
Biological Diversity (Nevill J 2000)
14.
National Strategy for Plant Conservation PCA-BG (2005)
15.
News Update 14; 2008-03-24 “Heritage Gardens Spans the
Generations” Nature Seychelles
16.
Report on implementation of GTI Work Programme (2004)
17.
Report on Implementation of Programme of Work for the Global
Taxonomy Initiative (Matatiken D, Aug 2004)
18.
Review of EMPS 2000-2010; Thematic Report- Biodiversity, Forestry
and Agriculture (Matatiken D, 2009)
19.
Seychelles: a hotspot of sea cucumber fisheries in Africa and the
Indian Ocean Region; Aumeeruddy, R; Conand C. 2008
20.
Seychelles First National Report to the Convention on Biological
Diversity
21.
Seychelles Marine Conservation and Research Expedition; Coral
Recruitment programme July – Sept 2008; Global Vision
International
22.
Seychelles National Biodiversity Strategy & Action Plan-Republic
of Seychelles 1997
23.
Seychelles National Wetland Policy 10/8/2003
24.
Seychelles NCSA: Capacity Assessment Report; Rijma Jan (April
2005)
25.
Seychelles NCSA: Strategic Overview of Obligations Under the
Convention on Biological Diversity; CBD Thematic Working Group
(June 2004)
26.
Strategic Plan 2008 – 2012 Seychelles Centre for Marine Research &
Technology – Marine Park Authority (2008)
27.
Seychelles National Plan of Action for the Conservation &
Management of Sharks - Seychelles Fishing Authority (2007)
28.
Strengthening Seychelles’ Protected Area System through NGO
Management modalities-PIF June 2009
29.
SADC Regional Biodiversity Strategy 2006
30.
Thematic Report on Forest Ecosystem Nevill J 2001
31.
Tropical Depression Storm over Praslin and its satellite islands
in Seychelles; UNEP OCHA Assessment Report (2003).
B. PRIORITY SETTING, TARGETS AND OBSTACLES
II.
Please provide an overview of the status and trends of various
components of biological diversity in your country based on the
information and data available.
The Seychelles archipelago consists of 115 islands distributed in an
Exclusive economic zone of 1.3 million square kilometers. The islands
have a total area of 452km² with unique biodiversity derived from
evolution and isolation after millions of years in isolation. The
islands are either composed mostly of granite or corals and these two
different types of islands have their own unique biodiversity. The
granitic islands are considered to be fragments of Gondwanaland.
Because of the ancient origins of the islands, the Seychelles boast a
spectacular diversity of flora and fauna with significant endemic
species. As a result, the Seychelles archipelago is considered a
biological hotspot with ecosystems recognized worldwide. It has two
UNESCO world heritage sites being the Aldabra atoll designated in 1982
and the Vallee de Mai special reserve on Praslin. The Aldabra atoll is
home to the biggest population of giant land tortoises on earth and
and home to a diversity of plants and animal of high endemism whilst
the Vallee de Mai on Praslin comprises of the the natural habitat for
the six endemic palms which include the gigantic coco de mer palm
(Lodoicea maldivica).
1. Floral Biodiversity
1.
General description of Flora
The Seychelles currently have 46% of its total land area under legal
protection. There are approximately 250 indigenous floral species, of
which 54 taxa or almost 21 percent are now considered threatened. Most
of these species are distributed in three different ecosystems which
are related to altitude, namely coastal and lowland (<200m),
intermediate (200-500m) and mountain mists forests (>500m). The
mountain mists forests are richer in endemics with 85% of the total
number of native species confined within the Morne Seychellois
National Park. This ecosystem has been subjected to limited
anthropogenic disturbance. The different endemic plant species found
in those particular habitats are shown in Table 1:
Table 1: Scientific and local names of Seychelles’s endemic plants.
Endemic Species
Local Name
Memecylon eleagni
Bwa Kalou
Nephrosperma vanhoutteanum
Latannyen milpat
Roschenia melanochaetes
Latannyen oban
Verschaffeltia splendida
Latannyen latte
Phoenicophorium borsigianum
Latannyen fey
Pandanus hornei
Vakwa parasol
Pandanus balfourii
Vakwa montany
Pandanus seychellarum
Vakwa maron
Pandanus multispicatus
Vakwa de rivyer
Paragenipa wrightii
Kafe maron gran fey
Erythroxylon seychellarum
Kafe maron pti fey
Pittosporum wrightii senucia
Bwa zoli ker
Pouteria obovata sideroxylon
Bwa mon per
Psychotria pervillei
Bwa koulev
Soulamea terminaloides
Kolofant
Syzygium wrighti eugenia
Bwa ponm
Tarenna sechellensis
Bwa dir blanc
Viscum triflorum
Bwa marmay
Euphorbia pyrifolia
Bwa dile
Medusagyne oppositifolia
Bwa mediz
Premna serratifolia
Bwa siro
Timonius seychellensis
Bwa kasan-d-montanny
Angraecum eburneum
Pay-en-ke
Curculigo seychellensis
Koko maron
Cynura seychellensis
Zakobe
Secamone schimperiana
Lalyann dile
Vanilla phaaenopsis
Lavannir maron
Ficus bojeri
Neant
Begonia seychellensis
Begonya sovaz
Hypoxidia rhizophylla
Pti koko maron
Impatiens gordonii
Belsamin sovaz
Protarum sechellarum
Larout de lenn maron
Campnosperma seychellarum
Bwa-d-montanny
Deckenia nobilis
Palmiste
Dillenia feruginea
Bwa rouz
Imbricaria seychellarum
Bwa-d-natte
Northea Hornei
Kapisen
Vateria seychellarum
Bwa-d-fer
Achyrospermum seychellarum
Bwa sevret
Allophylus pervillei
Bwa kafoul
Aphloia theiformis
Bwa merl
Brexia madagascariensis
Bwa kato
Canthium bibracteatum
Bwa dir rouz
Canthium acuminatum
Bwa dir blan
Carissa edulis seychellensis
Bwa sandal
Colea seychellarum
Bilenbi maron
Craterispermum microdon
Bwa dou
Diospyros seychellarum
Bwa sagay
Dodonea viscosa
Bwa de renet
Dracaena reflexa
Bwa sandel
Drypetes riseleyi
Bwa mare pti fey
Excoecaria benthamiana
Bwa zasmin
Ficus lutea
Lafous gran fey
Gastonia crassa
Bwa bannann
Grisollea thomassetii
Bwa grolapo
Ixora pudica
Ikzora blan
Ludia mauritiana
Prinn maron
Nepenthes pervilleii
Lalyann potao
Garnotia seychellensis
Lerb montanny
Lophoschoenus horneii
Lerb razwar
Rapanea sechellarum
Bwa klate
Scleria sieberi
Zerb koupant
Seychellaria thomassettii
Lafisel mov
Lodoicea maldivica
Koko-d-mer
Barringtonia racemosa
Bonnen kare-d-rivyer
Justicia gendardussa
Ayapana sovaz
Ochrosia oppositifolia
Bwa sousouri
Wielandia elegans
Bwa fourmi
Guettarda speciosa
Bwa kasan bor-d-mer
2. Faunal Diversity
2.1 General description of Fauna
The Seychelles fauna is richer and more diverse than floral diversity.
The granitic islands show greater diversity and higher endemism than
the coralline islands. Key elements of faunal diversity of the
Seychelles are as follows.
2.2 Vertebrates
2.2.1 Birds
Thirteen endemic species of birds occur, with 8 that are classified as
globally threatened. The endemic birds of the granitic islands, such
as Magpie Robin (Copsychus sechellarum) and Seychelles White-eye (Zosterops
modestus), have been studied extensively and are the focus of ongoing
conservation programmes. Mahe has two Important Bird Areas (IBA); the
Mahe highlands and surrounds (comprising Morne Seychellois National
Park) and the Montagne Glacis. The Mahe highlands have an area of
4,600 ha., harbouring virtually the entire world population of the
Seychelles bare-legged Scops Owl (Otus insularis), 10% of Seychelles
White-eye (Zosterops modestus) and 25% of Seychelles Kestrel (Falco
araea). They also host major populations of the endemic Cave Swiftlet
(Collocalia elaphra), Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas pulcherrima),
Seychelles Bulbul (Hypsipetes crassirostris) and Seychelles Sunbird (Nectarinia
dussumieri). The Montagne Glacis is in the north mountains of Mahe and
hosts the largest known colony of the Seychelles Cave Swiftlet (Collocolia
elaphra) 11. Praslin National Park is also a designated IBA because of
the presence of the largest population of the Seychelles Black Parrot
(Coracopsis nigra barklyi) but also the Seychelles Kestrel (Falco
araea) as well as significant populations of endemics such as the
Seychelles Cave Swiftlet Seychelles Bulbul, Seychelles Blue Pigeon and
Seychelles Sunbird.
The Seychelles Scops Owl was previously classified as critically
endangered. Extensive research conducted between 1999 and 2001 to
determine breeding biology, feeding ecology and population status. The
nest, egg and chick were revealed for the first time. The most
comprehensive baseline data set on population size was obtained
resulting in the downlisting of the species to endangered status.
In order to increase population size of the critically endangered bird
species, several species of birds were translocated to other islands.
For example, the Seychelles white eye which was confined to two
islands (less than 300 individuals), were successfully translocated to
another island in 2001 and 2003.
The island of Cousin is a special reserve and an IBA managed by an
NGO. The island currently supports three rare endemic land birds,
being the Seychelles warbler (Acrocephalus sechellensis), Seychelles
fody (Foudia sechellarum) and the Seychelles Magpie Robin (Copsychus
sechellarum). The island was bought by the International Council for
Bird Protection (ICBP) in 1968 in order to save the Seychelles warbler
whose population was then less than 30 individuals. Through successful
conservation programmes, the number is now in excess of 350 and
translocation has been successfully carried out to other islands.
Other important IBA’s include Cousine, Aride, Bird and Aldabra; being
important nesting sites for seabirds.
2.1.2 Mammals
There are 5 endemic bat species. The Sheath-Tailed bat is currently
classified as critically endangered.
Endemic Mammals
Common Name
Coleura seychellensis
Sheath-Tailed bat
Pteropus seychellensis seychellensis
Seychelles Fruit bat
Triaenops furculus
Free tailed bat
Chaerophon pussilla
Triple nose leafed bat
Pteropus aldabrensis
Aldabra fruit bat
The Seychelles Exclusive Economic Zone is also a sanctuary for many
marine mammals including whales and dolphins. In 1979, the Seychelles
initiated measures to protect marine mammals in the Indian Ocean which
culminated in the formation of the Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary by the
International Whaling Commission (IWC).
2.1.3 Amphibians
The archipelago has the highest ratio of amphibian endemics of any
island group in the world. There are 7 endemic caecilians and 5
endemic frogs amongst which is the smallest frog in the world (Sooglossus
gardineri)
CAECILIANS
FROGS
Grandisonia alternans
Tachycnemis seychellensis
Grandisonia brevis
Nesomantis thomasseti
Grandisonia diminutiva
Sooglossus gardineri
Grandisonia larvatae
Sooglossus sechellensis
Grandisonia sechellensis
Sooglossus pipilodryas
Hypogeophis rostratus
Praslinia cooperi
2.1.4 Pisces
Freshwater
Two endemic freshwater fish, exists in the Seychelles namely Golden
Panchax (Pachypanchax playfairii) and the newly discovered Larkansyel
(Parioglossus multiradiatus) in 2004.
Marine
There is approximately 1000 species of fish in the Seychelles of which
400 species confined to the reefs. Endemism in marine fish is low.
Endemic marine species include the Seychelles Clown fish (Amphiprion
fuscocaudatus) and Seychelles squirrel fish (Sargocentron Seychellense).
2.3 Reptilia22
2.4.1 Snakes
There are three species of terrestrial snakes restricted to the
granitic islands. Of the three, two are endemics, namely the
Seychelles wolf snake Lycognathophis seychellensis and the Seychelles
house snake Boaedon geometricus both of which are harmless.
2.4.2 Lizards & chameleons
More than 20 species of lizards, skinks and geckos are present in the
Seychelles. There are 14 species and subspecies of geckos and skinks,
with one chameleon being endemic to the islands
2.4.3 Terrapins
Three endemic species of terrapins have been described in the genus
Pelusios including Pelusios seychelensis which is believed to be
extinct.
2.4.4. Sea turtles
Four species of endangered sea turtles occur in Seychelles waters.
Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricate) and green turtle (Chelonia
myda) nest in the Seychelles islands.
2.4.5 Tortoises
Aldabra has the largest surviving and remaining wild population of
giant land tortoises (Aldabrachelys gigantea) in the Indian Ocean
(around 150,000). Aldabran tortoises have been introduced to other
islands within the Seychelles.
2.2 Higher Invertebrates22
2.2.1 Anthozoa
Around 55 species of sea anemones and 300 Scleractinian coral species
within 16 families has been identified in the Seychelles.
2.2.2 Mollusca
The marine molluscan fauna is largely of West Indo-Pacific origin
whilst the terrestrial mollusc have African and Asian affinities. The
terrestrial molluscs show high endemism and greater morphological
variation in view of the biogeographical isolation of the islands.
About 62% of terrestrial molluscs are endemic to the granitic islands.
On Aldabra, 55% of molluscs are endemic with some genera expressing
primitive characteristics.
2.2.3 Arthropoda
Native arthropods are represented by endemic scorpions, spiders and
insects. It also includes the world’s largest millipede (seychelleptus
seychellarum). Many of the endemic arthropods are restricted to
particular islands.
*
There are four species of scorpions and two species of
whipspiders. One species of scorpions (Lychas braueri) is
endemic to the granitic islands. There are 150 species of
spiders with high endemism (85%) and about 22 species of sea
spiders.
*
There are 32 species of land and freshwater crabs and about 165
different species of shrimps. These include many endemics such
as, leander tenuicornis, Conchondytes pteriara, Coralliocaris
macrophthalma, Eupontonia noctalba, Jocaste platysoma,
Periclimenaeus manihinei, Periclimenes compressus, Periclimenes
difficilis. The most familiar crustacean in Seychelles is the
Palinurus spiny lobsters.
*
Insects of the Seychelles show the most variability and high
endemism. There has been however limited taxonomic work carried
out so far. It is estimated that there are about 4000 species in
the granitic and coral islands with the beetles (Coleoptera)
forming the largest group of some 700 species. Many species have
co evolved with endemic plant hosts. 75 species of insects found
nowhere else in the world are known to be associated with leaf
axils of endemic pandanus and palms.
2.2.4 Echinodermata
About 150 species of Echinoderms are found in the Seychelles with 10
species of Crinoids, and the most primitive Echinoderms Comissia
ignota. There are 32 species of sea stars including the coral eating
Crown of Thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci. There are 44 species of
Ophiuroidea being the largest of the major groups of Echinoderms.
There are 35 species of sea cucumber with Holunthuria atra and
Holunthuria nobilis being most prevalent. Both of these are being
exploited on a commercial basis by local fisherman.
3 Forest Biodiversity
3.1 General Description
Since the establishment of the first human settlement (1770), native
forests have undergone dramatic structural changes. The exploitation
of forest resources and the deliberate or accidental introduction of
species have resulted in the destruction and loss of pristine
habitats.
3.2 Threats
3.2.1 Habitat Destruction
Development is an increasing factor contributing to the loss of forest
biodiversity. Developments are increasingly being carried out in the
mountains as coastal area become increasingly scarce and expensive.
The Government has been implementing a no- development policy above
the 50 m contour line on the island of Praslin (the second largest
granitic island) which effectively preserve forest biodiversity. The
State Land and Rivers reserves Act 1965 also affords protection to any
species found within 30 feet of a river bank. Unsustainable
agricultural practices is also a threat to forest biodiversity
3.2.2 Forest fires
Forest fires remain one of the greatest threats to forest ecosystem.
There is on average 2-3 bush fires recorded per year. A forest fire
contingency plan (1997) exists focusing on preparedness and response
is now outdated. The Authorities maintain fire breaks on the granitic
islands and continues to strengthen institutional capacity to combat
forest fires. There is currently a control on fire lighting (Fire
Lighting Act Year) in the Seychelles and involves a Fire permit issued
by the Department of Environment. In all cases the officers ensure
that the permit is issued to responsible individuals who have the
means to stop fires from spreading should an accident result. This
means access to water and observance of strict fire management
principles.
3.2.3 Invasive Alien Species
Invasive Alien Species remain a serious threat to island biodiversity.
A greater portion of the native plant species is being severely
affected by invasive creepers. Native faunal diversity is also
affected by IAS through direct competition for food and habitat.
Several eradication programmes have been carried out. A number of
invasive animals have been eliminated on specific islands which
include House sparrows, barn owl, rats, cats. In contrast the
eradication of invasive creepers on the granitic islands remains a
challenge.
3.2.4 Over exploitation
There is concern that certain species of high commercial value such as
the Coco de Mer (Lodoicea maldivica) are being overexploited. The long
life cycle of these species in some cases (as with Coco de Mer more
than 25 years) poses certain difficulties in assessing this risk.
4. Agricultural Biodiversity
4.1 General description
Most variety of crops was introduced for agricultural purposes. Over
the years these crops have developed traits and characteristics as a
result of adaptation to local environmental condition. This has
resulted in local varieties.
Major collections of agricultural crops were established and
maintained by the Ministry of Agriculture but these were unfortunately
lost as a result of development.
Some species of agricultural importance e.g. breadfruit is protected
under legislation (Breadfruit & Other Trees Act 1917).
4.2 Threats
Development
Development pressure is an important threat to agricultural
biodiversity. Prime agricultural land has in the past been lost to
other developments and the limited land availability of the Seychelles
puts pressure on land earmarked for agricultural use. The other
important threat to agro-diversity is pests.
Pest
The accidental introduction of the melon fruit fly (Bactrocera
Curcubitae) resulted in the loss of 60% of cucurbit crops, attacking
around 125 species of fruits and vegetables. There has been recent
infestation of Spiraling White fly (Aleurodicus dispersus) which
impacts negatively on agro-biodiversity.
Although a system for controlling points of entry exists, it is felt
that more needs to be done to establish a comprehensive programme of
detection and abatement.
5. Inland Water & Coastal
5.1 General description
The Seychelles recognizes the importance of wetland ecosystems as
ecologically sensitive areas under the Environment Protection Act
1994, in the NBSAP 1997 and the Seychelles National Wetland
Conservation and Management Policy 2002.
The Seychelles wetlands support many endemic aquatic species including
the endemic crab Seychellum alluaudi, terrapins, certain species of
mayflies, caddisflies, and the snail Paludomus ajanensis. Endemic
fishes found in the freshwater habitats are Pachypanchax playfairii
and Parioglossus multiradiatus, a new species recently discovered in
2004.
5.1.1 Mangroves
Seychelles acceded to the Ramsar Convention on 22nd November 2004 and
designated Port Launay Wetland on the main granitic island of Mahe as
a Ramsar site. The site is composed of 29 hectares of wetland
supporting all seven species of mangroves of the Seychelles. It also
provides habitat for the endemic Golden Panchax (Pachypanchax
playfairii). Important mangrove habitats are also found in the lagoons
of certain coral islands such as Aldabra, Cosmoledo and Astove Island
groups, where they provide important nesting, nursery and resting
habitats for a variety of seabird species, as well as nursery grounds
for fish. The seven species of mangroves found in the Seycelles are
listed below
Species name
Common name
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Mangliye latte
Ceriops tagal
Mangiye zonn
Lumnitzera racemosa
Mangliye pti fey
Rhizophora mucronata
Mangliye rouge
Sonneratia alba
Mangliye fler
Xylocarpus granatum
Mangliye ponm
Avicennia marina
Mangliye blan
5.2 Threats
Development is the main threat to wetlands with many marshes reclaimed
due to unavailability of sufficient useable land along the coastal
zone.
Polluted runoff, sediment and waste are detrimental to the ecological
function of wetland ecosystem. Wetland in the Seychelles are
fragmented due to pressure from development and degraded through over
exploitation for wood products.
6 Marine Biodiversty
6.1 General Description
The Seychelles has an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 1.3 million
square km compared to 453 square km of land. Despite this, marine
biodiversity is not as adequately studied as terrestrial biodiversity
despite the fact that it represents the most important natural
resource for the country. The following are important elements of
marine biodiversity of the Seychelles
• Extensive seagrass beds occur around the Outer Islands.
• An estimated 18% of sponges known to occur in the Seychelles are
regional endemics.
• More than 300 species of Scleractinian corals have been recorded.
• 55 bivalve species of molluscs, of which 10 were only recently
described.
Tuna
One of the most important resources in the ocean is tuna which exceeds
tourism revenue for the local Economy. In 2003 the number of tuna
caught in Seychelles territorial waters was 358,261 MT. The revenue in
2004 for the fisheries sector was SR 1.398 billion.
Sea Cucumber and Shark fins
Besides tuna, income was received from export of sea cucumber and
shark fins. Export statistics for fins and sea cucumbers in 2004
indicated a total of 32.4 MT comprising 11.36 MT of shark fins and
21.04 MT of sea cucumbers.
Whale Shark
The Seychelles EEZ is effectively a whale shark sanctuary following
ratification of the convention on migratory species and afforded legal
protection through national legislation in 2003. The Seychelles also
imposed a ban on shark fining by foreign vessels in its waters.
Sea turtles
Seychelles hosts one of the largest remaining nesting populations of
hawksbill in the world and also significant nesting populations of
green turtles.
6.1.1 Marine Protected Areas
There are 14 marine reserves in the Seychelles which includes six
Marine National Parks. These are the St. Anne Marine Park, Baie Ternay
Marine Park, Port Launay Marine Park, Curieuse Marine Park, Ile Coco
Marine Park and Silhouette Marine park. The Marine park comprises a
total area of 61.77Km2.
6.2 Threats
Climate change
Climate change represents the most serious threat to marine
biodiversity. In 1998 a major coral bleaching event as a result of
increased ocean temperature (El Nino) which lead to significant loss
of coral in Seychelles.
Pollution
As well as pollution from Land based sources, the Seychelles EEZ is an
important zone for commercial shipping, and ship based pollution
remains a hazard to marine biodiversity.
Development pressure as well as increased agricultural activity along
the coastal zone also contributes to increased pollution.
Priority Setting
1.
Please indicate, by marking an "X" in the appropriate column
below, the level of priority your country accords to the
implementation of various articles, provisions and relevant
programmes of the work of the Convention.
Article/Provision/Programme of Work
Level of Priority
High
Medium
Low
a.
Article 5 – Cooperation
X
b.
Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable
use
X
c.
Article 7 - Identification and monitoring
X
d.
Article 8 – In-situ conservation
X
e.
Article 8(h) - Alien species
X
f.
Article 8(j) - Traditional knowledge and related provisions
X
g.
Article 9 – Ex-situ conservation
X
h.
Article 10 – Sustainable use of components of biological
diversity
X
i.
Article 11 - Incentive measures
X
j.
Article 12 - Research and training
X
k.
Article 13 - Public education and awareness
X
l.
Article 14 - Impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts
X
m.
Article 15 - Access to genetic resources
x
n.
Article 16 - Access to and transfer of technology
X
o.
Article 17 - Exchange of information
X
p.
Article 18 – Scientific and technical cooperation
X
q.
Article 19 - Handling of biotechnology and distribution of its
benefits
X
r.
Article 20 - Financial resources
X
s.
Article 21 - Financial mechanism
X
t.
Agricultural biodiversity
X
u.
Forest biodiversity
X
v.
Inland water biodiversity
X
w.
Marine and coastal biodiversity
X
x.
Dryland and subhumid land biodiversity
X
y.
Mountain biodiversity
X
Challenges and Obstacles to Implementation
2.
Please use the scale indicated below to reflect the level of
challenges faced by your country in implementing the provisions of
the Articles of the Convention (5, 6,7, 8, 8h, 8j, 9, 10, 11,12,
13, 14, 15,16, 17, 18, 19 and 20)
3 = High Challenge
1 = Low Challenge
2 = Medium Challenge
0 = Challenge has been successfully overcome
N/A = Not applicable
Challenges
Articles
5
6
7
8
8h
8j
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
a.
Lack of political will and support
0
1
1
1
0
2
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
b.
Limited public participation and stakeholder involvement
0
2
2
2
3
1
3
2
0
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
c.
Lack of mainstreaming and integration of biodiversity issues into
other sectors
0
2
0
0
0
1
1
2
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
d.
Lack of precautionary and proactive measures
1
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
2
2
1
1
1
1
e.
Inadequate capacity to act, caused by institutional weakness
2
3
2
2
1
3
3
3
0
2
0
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
f.
Lack of transfer of technology and expertise
3
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
g.
Loss of traditional knowledge
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
0
2
2
1
1
1
1
h.
Lack of adequate scientific research capacities to support all the
objectives
0
2
2
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
i.
Lack of accessible knowledge and information
0
2
2
2
3
2
1
2
1
1
1
0
1
2
1
1
2
2
j.
Lack of public education and awareness at all levels
1
1
0
0
1
2
2
1
0
2
0
0
2
1
1
1
2
1
k.
Existing scientific and traditional knowledge not fully utilized
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
0
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
l.
Loss of biodiversity and the corresponding goods and services it
provides not properly understood and documented
1
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
0
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
m.
Lack of financial, human, technical resources
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
2
1
3
3
2
2
3
3
n.
Lack of economic incentive measures
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
o.
Lack of benefit-sharing
2
0
3
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
1
2
2
3
1
2
2
p.
Lack of synergies at national and international levels
1
2
0
0
0
1
0
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
q.
Lack of horizontal cooperation among stakeholders
1
3
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
r.
Lack of effective partnerships
1
3
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
s.
Lack of engagement of scientific community
0
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
0
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
t.
Lack of appropriate policies and laws
0
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
1
0
2
2
1
1
1
1
u.
Poverty
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
v.
Population pressure
1
2
2
1
1
0
0
3
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
w.
Unsustainable consumption and production patterns
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
x.
Lack of capacities for local communities
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
3
2
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
3
y.
Lack of knowledge and practice of ecosystem-based approaches to
management
1
1
2
1
1
3
3
3
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
z.
Weak law enforcement capacity
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
aa.
Natural disasters and environmental change
2
1
3
3
3
3
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2010 Target
The Conference of the Parties, in decision VII/30, annex II, decided
to establish a provisional framework for goals and targets in order to
clarify the 2010 global target adopted by decision VI/26, help assess
the progress towards the target, and promote coherence among the
programmes of work of the Convention. Parties and Governments are
invited to develop their own targets with this flexible framework.
Please provide relevant information by responding to the questions and
requests contained in the following tables.
III.
Goal 1
Promote the conservation of the biological diversity of
ecosystems, habitats and biomes.
Target 1.1
At least ten percent of each of the world’s ecological regions
effectively conserved
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been
established
Please provide details below.
Although a national target has not been set for the conservation
of ecosystems , the Seychelles is considered a biodiversity
hotspot. It remains committed to the conservation of biological
diversity. The conservation of biological diversity of ecosystems,
is integrated within the various thematic areas of the EMPS
2000-2010.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such
national target(s) ha(s)(ve) been established, please indicate
here, and give further details in the box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
*
No policy is place
b.
Inland water
X
Integrated in the EMPS and Wetland Policy
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Thematic area under the EMPS.
d.
Dry and subhumid land
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
Specific thematic area under the EMPS; Forestry Management Plan,
Morne Seychellois National Park Management Plan.
f.
Mountain
As e) above.
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into
relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
The Environment Management Plan of Seychelles (EMPS 2000-2010) is
the framework for development of conservation programmes.
Conservation programmes are found within the thematic area of
Biodiversity, Forestry and Agriculture. Besides the EMPS, there
are other policies in place which contributes to this target.
These include the Fisheries Policy, Forestry Policy and Wetland
Policy, all of which incorporates elements of the global target
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
46% of the total land areas of the Seychelles are currently under
legal protection. The Morne Seychellois National Park (MSNP)
created in 1979, is the largest terrestrial Park in the Seychelles
with an area of 3,045 ha, which represents more than 20% the total
area of Mahé. The second largest park, Praslin National Park also
created in 1979, is almost a tenth the size of the MSNP. The Park
contains the six species of endemic palms, amongst which is the
world famous Coco de Mer (Lodoicea maldivica). It is also home to
various species of birds including the unique Black Parrot
(Coracopsis (nigra) barklyi) which is unique to Praslin and its
surrounding islets.
There are 14 Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in the Seychelles
representing less than 1% of the Exclusive Economic Zone. The
Indian ocean also provides protection to cetaceans by being
declared an international Whale Sanctuary in (1979). It also
provides protection to several Migratory species such as Whale
Shark (Rhincodon typus) which is listed under CITES and CMS.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to
this target.
Area of protected areas, water quality, data on proliferation of
endemic species, seagrass and coral cover, fish diversity and
number in marine protected area.
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of
this target.
Outdated legislation means that penalties for infringements do not
reflect current prices. It has been relatively difficult to
initiate a comprehensive review of the legislation in view of
shortage of manpower and commitment of the office of the Attorney
General.
Development pressure poses a risk to the conservation of sensitive
areas. The Seychelles have limited flat land as population
continues to grow. As a result, most development are moving
further inland. Therefore, Government must look for innovative
ways to ensure a comfortable standard of living is achieved which
does not impact negatively on the Environment. More areas along
the coast will need to be reclaimed in order to create more space
but at great cost to sustain economic growth. The reclamation
activity has negative impact on the environment.
Capacity (financial and human resources) is the biggest challenge
to overcome in order to consistently achieve national and global
targets. With insufficient funding and limited capacity, it is
difficult to achieve a comprehensive monitoring programme. In
order two make sufficient progress to these targets, adequate
resources are required.
IAS remains a serious threat to the ecosystem of the Seychelles.
Endemic species biodiversity will be severely affected if IAS
programmes are not sustained effectively and this will impact on
the achievement of the global targets.
IV.
Target 1.2
Areas of particular importance to biodiversity protected
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
Refer to target 1.1
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
b.
Inland water
X
Protection of Wetlands under the Ramsar Convention
c.
Marine and coastal
X
14 Marine Protected Areas
d.
Dry and subhumid land
X
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
46% of the land is protected.
f.
Mountain
X
Most of the high altitudes of the granitic islands are legally
protected
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
X
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
Protected areas have been designated under the law and its monitoring
including further identification is contained in the EMPS 2000 -2010.
There are plans to also include other areas that are rich into
biodiversity under the network of protected areas.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Seychelles is a committed leader in protection of its unique
biological diversity. With almost half of the total area of land under
protection, Government plans to increase this figure as more areas of
high biodiversity are identified. Mechanisms of sustainable financing
will have to be explored to ensure that they become sustainable.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Extent of proliferation of endemics, new protected areas, increased
areas under legal protection.
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
The main challenges include funding, capacity building and emerging
threats such as IAS and Climate change.
V.
Goal 2
Promote the conservation of species diversity
Target 2.1
Restore, maintain, or reduce the decline of populations of species of
selected taxonomic groups
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
Management plans for several endemic avian fauna have been
established, e.g. Seychelles Whiteye, Flycatcher, Warbler, Black
parrot, Seychelles Sheath-tailed bat, Scops owl, etc. There are also
various conservation programmes to translocate endemic bird species to
other granitic islands. Similarly, propagations programmes exist for
plant and these will be used either for habitat restoration or
reintroduction to historical area
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
No policy in place
b.
Inland water
X
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Different programme in place for turtles, birds, bats etc.
d.
Dry and subhumid land
X
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
Restoration of native habitats
f.
Mountain
X
As in e) above
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
X
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
The NBSAP provides the strategy and action plan for the conservation
of species diversity and includes measures to restore and maintain the
populations of selected taxonomic groups. Other targets for selected
species are also included in the Environment Management Plan of
Seychelles (EMPS 2000-2010) under the Forestry Biodiversity, and
Agriculture Thematic areas,
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Increase population size of critically endangered species as a result
of successful translocation and habitat restoration. Therefore this
may lead to the down list status of the species.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Number of species within the relevant taxonomic groups, number of
islands restored, number of successful reintroduction, number of
species downlisted
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
Lack of funding and capacity to sustain and undertake conservation
activities on remote islands.
VI.
Target 2.2
Status of threatened species improved
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
EMPS 2000-2010 support programmes in Biodiversity contributes towards
this target. This involves increasing the number of species ex situ
and protecting the habitat of the species in situ.
Species management plans have been developed for Seychelles faunal
endemics.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
b.
Inland water
X
c.
Marine and coastal
X
d.
Dry and subhumid land
X
e.
Forest
X
Endemic species protected in protected areas
f.
Mountain
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
X
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
Government has plans to formulate its National Strategy for plant
conservation in 2005.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
The endemic flora and fauna are threatened by a number of factors
which threaten the habitats of those species. Therefore, Government
are planning to protect areas where critically endangered species
occur. There are also numerous conservation programmes in place to
help improve the status of the species.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Population size
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
It is vital to improve knowledge and understanding on the threatened
species by developing action plans of which many have already been
developed for bird species (e.g. Black Parrot, Seychelles White Eye).
It is also important for conservation action plans to be reviewed to
take into consideration the emerging threats.
No conservation plans exist for endemic plants and amphibians, two
groups which are vulnerable to the change in climate.
VII.
Please provide any other relevant information.
Under the Darwin initiative a nursery was established and propagation
was carried out to strengthen ex situ conservation at Barbarons
Biodiversity Centre. A protocol for conservation of Seychelles endemic
plants was also developed.
VII.
Goal 3
Promote the conservation of genetic diversity
Target 3.1
Genetic diversity of crops, livestock, and of harvested species of
trees, fish and wildlife and other valuable species conserved, and
associated indigenous and local knowledge maintained
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been
established
X
Please provide details below.
The Ministry responsible for Agriculture has established a number
of germplasm collections and areas for livestock with pure
breeding lines.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such
national target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in
the box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
b.
Inland water
X
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Tuna tagging project
d.
Dry and subhumid land
N/A
e.
Forest
X
Forest Management plans
f.
Mountain
N/A
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into
relevant plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
X
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
Please provide details below.
There is target set under the thematic area of the EMPS, which
contributes to the overall target of the Convention. For example
the sustainable use of timber is part of management plan for
forests. Whilst the Tuna tagging project is a COI –regional
project to assess tuna fish stocks and ensure sustainable use.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
The Ministry responsible for Agriculture is presently involved in
the conservation of crops and most of these are represented in
germplasm collection. Special unit also carry outbreeding
programmes to maintain the genetic diversity of livestock.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to
this target.
Number of tagged fish caught under the tuna tagging project
Number of trees felled. Number of species of crops and livestock.
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of
this target.
Lack of effective linkages of conservation of agro-biodiversity
under the EMPS 2000-2010.
VIII.
Goal 4
Promote sustainable use and consumption.
Target 4.1
Biodiversity-based products derived from sources that are
sustainably managed, and production areas managed consistent with the
conservation of biodiversity
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
Plant biodiversity
Policy in place for the sustainable production of Coco de Mer, endemic
palms (leaves) and timber.
Fauna
For selective fish species (e.g. Tuna) a quota for total allowable
catch is in place and permits for sea cucumber and seasonal
restriction on lobsters are enforced. The harvesting of Sooty tern
eggs is restricted to once a year and harvesting is done on only half
of the selected islands.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
Agricultural development strategy
b.
Inland water
X
There are no significant consumption of freshwater resources
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Fisheries policy (sea cucumber, lobster )
d.
Dry and subhumid land
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
Timber used are sustainably produced
f.
Mountain
Same as Forest
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
The target was part of sector specific programmes, however not linked
directly with a support programme of the EMPS 2000-2010
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Additional to previous, several measures are in place to ensure
sustainable consumption e.g. the banning of harpoons, shark finning by
foreign vessels and the seasonality for certain fishery. Laws are
being reviewed to ensure the sustainable management of particular
species (e. Coco de mer).
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Number of licenses issued for fishery; commercial exports
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
Precise data on stock for some species is difficult to obtain and
therefore not easy to assess sustainable use.
IX.
Target 4.2
Unsustainable consumption, of biological resources, or that impacts
upon biodiversity, reduced
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
Please provide details below.
Although there is no National Target, several initiatives are being
carried out to reduce unsustainable consumption of biological
resources. The trade of certain species such as the Coco de Mer is
being closely regulated.
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
There is limited unsustainable consumption of terrestrial biological
resources in the Seychelles thus the lack of clear measures integrated
in national plans and strategies. The targets that exist relate to
marine resources which are especially at risk of overexploitation. The
Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA) is mandated with monitoring of
fishery and has in place specific species management controls.
III.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Quotas and permits in place for sea cucumbers. Lobster harvesting is
restricted to seasons as determined by the SFA. Selective harvesting
of sooty tern eggs and non harvesting of reserve areas.
III.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Number of licenses issued, Number of court cases for illegal use
(poaching)
III.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
Lack of capacity for enforcement of the legislation against illegal
exploitation.
X.
Target 4.3
No species of wild flora or fauna endangered by international trade
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
Certain species such as giant land tortoises and the Coco de Mer are
traded internationally on commercial basis. As a result, Government
has developed legislation to regulate the trade in these species.
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
XI.
Goal 5
Pressures from habitat loss, land use change and degradation, and
unsustainable water use, reduced.
Target 5.1
Rate of loss and degradation of natural habitats decreased
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been
established
X
Please provide details below.
Although there are no specific targets, Seychelles is signatory to
various International Conventions which addresses habitat loss
land degradation issues.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such
national target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in
the box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
b.
Inland water
Not applicable
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Designation of new protected areas
d.
Dry and subhumid land
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
Forest Management Plan; National Parks
f.
Mountain
As in e) above
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into
relevant plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
X
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
The target has been incorporated under species and habitat
management plans.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Several habitats are already protected under the law and this is
adequately incorporated in the NBSAP. Other efforts include
restorative work carried out by NGOs to restore certain degraded
ecosystems. Several Coastal restoration project has been conducted
by the Environment and Engineering Section of the Ministry of
Environment. Vegetation rehabilitation works have been initiated
on certain islands.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to
this target.
Number of National Parks, Number of Special reserves,
Rehabilitated areas,
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of
this target.
Development pressure and the lack of a land use plan is the main
challenge for implementation of this target. Seychelles is a small
country and therefore has to undertake a fine balancing act
between development and conservation and sustainable use within
its limited land territory.
XII.
Goal 6
Control threats from invasive alien species.
Target 6.1
Pathways for major potential alien invasive species controlled
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
All importations of live flora and fauna require an import permit,
issued by the authorities. Incinerators are present at the ports of
entry to dispose of potential IAS.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
Control of melon fruit fly, white fly
b.
Inland water
X
Control measures for aquarium fish
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Control measures in place at the port of entry
d.
Dry and subhumid land
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
Control measures at port of entry
f.
Mountain
As in e) above
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
IAS is treated under Goal 1 of the thematic area of Biodiversity in
the EMPS 2000-2010. Incinerators were procured to destroy wastes
arising from the two major entry pathway being sea port and the
airport.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
A Manual for border control was published and circulated but control
of pathways has not been wholly satisfactory. Incinerators to destroy
waste at the entry pathways are not being used as originally foreseen.
As part of its IAS programme, the Department of Natural Resources
maintain pest traps within fixed perimeter distance from the points of
entry. These are checked on a weekly basis for introduced species.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Number of invasives
Number of materials confiscated at port of entry.
Number of alien pests trapped
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
Treatment of waste arising from ships and planes is still a problem in
view of the high costs for operating the incinerator. There is an IAS
Committee which oversees matters pertaining to control of pathways.
XIII.
Target 6.2
Management plans in place for major alien species that threaten
ecosystems, habitats or species
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
There is no national target established. However, programmes are being
developed to address the management of IAS.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
Mellon fruit fly eradication project
b.
Inland water
X
Eradication of water letter ,i red eared slider and aquarium fish
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Ballast water project
d.
Dry and subhumid land
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
Management plans for protected areas
f.
Mountain
As in e)
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
IAS is treated under Goal 1 of the EMPS. Although there have been many
activities in this regard, IAS control and eradication of certain
areas remain a challenge.
Eradication of rats is a great success story for smaller islands like
Cousin and North. Strict rules for loading and unloading cargo to and
from the islands ensure that all the effort in rat eradication are not
lost.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
The trend is to develop IAS specific programme in the revised EMPS. A
number of successful eradication projects were undertaken by NGOs in
partnership with the private sector on inner and outer islands. These
include the removal of exotic plants and eradication of rats on
Fregate and Conception islands. Endemic birds and plants were later
introduced on those islands which proved successful. Government has
been instrumental in spearheading eradication programmes.
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Presence of management programmes
VI.
Please provide information on challenges in implementation of this
target.
IAS are difficult to eliminate and resurgence is common. Several
management plans have failed in the past because implementation is
costly and labour intensive.
VII.
Please provide any other relevant information.
Funding should be made available for programme implementation.
XIV.
Goal 7
Address challenges to biodiversity from climate change, and pollution.
Target 7.1
Maintain and enhance resilience of the components of biodiversity to
adapt to climate change
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
Please provide details below.
There is no national target with respect to maintaining and enhancing
resilience of components of biodiversity to climate change.
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
Please provide details below.
III.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
III.
Please provide any other relevant information.
The development of a national Strategy for climate change is vital. An
initial step should be taken to develop this strategy with a
corresponding action plan and an indication of priority and
implementation arrangements.
Biodiversity related project should also include a component for
mitigation or adaptation to climate change.
XV.
Target 7.2
Reduce pollution and its impacts on biodiversity
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been
established
X
Please provide details below.
The Environment Protection Act 1994 and its amendments, is the
main regulatory instrument for prevention and combating pollution.
There is no specific national target for pollution and its impact
with respect to biodiversity. However pollution standards in place
for effluent discharge, air quality and solid waste management.
III) Has the global or national target been incorporated into
relevant plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
The thematic area of “Water Sanitation and Waste” in the EMPS
2000-2010 reflects the global targets and provides a wide array of
programmes to mitigate and eliminate pollution arising from sewage
and solid waste.
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
With increasing development across all sectors, pollution is
inevitable. Therefore, it is important to effectively manage and
regulate pollution. Where possible, innovative ways are required
to reduce the amount of waste in the natural environment.
IV.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to
this target.
Water quality parameters.
Litter
VI) Please provide information on challenges in implementation of
this target.
Lack of funding for infrastructures such as sanitary landfills and
leachate treatment stations.
Lack of resources to sustain effective environmental testing
programmes.
XVI.
Goal 8
Maintain capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services and
support livelihoods.
Target 8.1
Capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services maintained
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
Certain legislation provide protection of ecosystems structure and
functions to deliver good and services
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
The Marine Park Authority and Department of Environment assesses
development as part of the EIA (Environment Impact Assessment) process
which is relevant to the target of maintaining ecosystem services,
particularly of forest, seagrass and coral reefs in sensitive areas.
Ecosystems are effectively conserved and maintained in all protected
areas.
III.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Government ensures that mitigation measures are integrated into
development. Current policies promote the integration of ecosystem
management into development processes (e.g. hotels allowed to maintain
sensitive ecosystems found within or adjacent to their properties).
III.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Number of Protected Areas
XVII.
Target 8.2
Biological resources that support sustainable livelihoods, local food
security and health care, especially of poor people maintained
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
There were programmes in place to supply agro biodiversity to local
houses. This has proved very popular and the authorities has assisted
residents with the supply of local fruit trees and other plants as
well as improved access to fertilizer in order to promote this
concept.
II.
National targets for specific programmes of work: If such national
target(s) ha(s)(ve) been
established, please indicate here, and give further details in the
box(es).
Programme of work
Yes
No
Details
a.
Agricultural
X
Production of germplasm
b.
Inland water
Not applicable
c.
Marine and coastal
X
Fishery management plan
d.
Dry and subhumid land
Not applicable
e.
Forest
X
f.
Mountain
As in e)
III.
Has the global or national target been incorporated into relevant
plans, programmes and
strategies?
a.
No
b.
Yes, into national biodiversity strategy and action plan
c.
Yes, into sectoral strategies, plans and programmes
X
Please provide details below.
This particular target is spread across targets and policies in the
Agricultural and Marine sector. Farmers and fisherman are the two
major groups which use biological resources for their livelihood. In
addition a significant amount of households now develop their own
garden for consumptive use
IV.
Please provide information on current status and trends in
relation to this target.
Agricultural and fisheries incentives are in place to sustain
livelihoods and ensure food security
V.
Please provide information on indicators used in relation to this
target.
Number of farmers, fisherman, presence of home gardens.
XVIII.
Goal 9
Maintain socio-cultural diversity of indigenous and local communities.
Target 9.1
Protect traditional knowledge, innovations and practices
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
Please provide details below.
There are no distinct indigenous communities within the Seychelles.
However certain islands have defined identities.
XIX.
Target 9.2
Protect the rights of indigenous and local communities over their
traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, including their
rights to benefit sharing
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been
established
Please provide details below.
Seychelles being a small country with the majority population
located on three main islands do not have distinct indigenous
practices. So far limited work has been done on traditional
knowledge linked to medicinal plants.
XX.
Goal 10
Ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the
use of genetic resources.
Target 10.1
All transfers of genetic resources are in line with the Convention on
Biological Diversity, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic
Resources for Food and Agriculture and other applicable agreements
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
X
Please provide details below.
The Seychelles is a party to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic
Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT PGRFA). A draft Bill for
commercial use of genetic materials is under consideration.
XXI.
Target 10.2
Benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic
resources shared with the countries providing such resources
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
Please provide details below.
No such agreements in place. Access to Benefit Sharing Bill is being
developed.
XXII.
Goal 11
Parties have improved financial, human, scientific, technical and
technological capacity to implement the Convention.
Target 11.1
New and additional financial resources are transferred to developing
country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their
commitments under the Convention, in accordance with Article 20
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
Please provide details below.
Seychelles is a developing country and does not have the financial
capacity to transfer financial resources to other developing
countries. In terms of receiving financial, human, scientific,
technical and technological assistance, the country has managed to
benefit from several overseas donors, as well as mobilize national
counterpart funding. Additional proposal is being submitted to the GEF
to provide funding for projects implementation.
XXIII.
Target 11.2
Technology is transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for
the effective implementation of their commitments under the
Convention, in accordance with its Article 20, paragraph 4
I.
National target: Has a national target been established
corresponding to the global target above?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, the same as the global target
c.
Yes, one or more specific national targets have been established
Please provide details below.
There has been some transfer of knowledge in the area of research,
e.g. agriculture. These are in the form of scientific and technical
Cooperation, with various other Parties
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC)
The Conference of the Parties, in decision VI/9, annex, adopted the
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Parties and Governments are
invited to develop their own targets with this flexible framework. The
Conference of the Parties considered the Strategy as a pilot approach
for the use of outcome oriented targets under the Convention. In
decision VII/10, the Conference of the Parties decided to integrate
the targets into the reporting framework for the Third National
Reports. Please provide relevant information by responding to the
questions and requests contained in the following tables.
XXIV.
Target 1. A widely accessible working list of known plant species, as
a step towards a complete world flora.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to the
above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
The country has plans to develop its National Strategy in response to
the Global target in 2005.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national target
into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
The global target is integrated in the EMPS 2000-2010 under the
thematic area “ Biodiversity, Forestry and Agriculture.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Literature exist for only dicotyledons.
Other taxonomical group such as ferns and lichens are lacking.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to achieve
the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used to
monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
No national strategy for implementing the GSPC in place.
Lack of resources
Lack of expertise
XXV.
Target 2. A preliminary assessment of the conservation status of
all known plant species, at national, regional and international
levels.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Vegetation assessments were carried out to determine the
distribution of the endemic plant species on the granitic islands.
The data were used to list the native species using the IUCN
criteria.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
Government is considering developing its National Strategy for
Plant Conservation.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Meetings organized to initiate the formulation of a Plant
Conservation Strategy.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Lack of resources
XXVI.
Target 3. Development of models with protocols for plant
conservation and sustainable use, based on research and practical
experience.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Partly implemented under the EMPS 2000-2010 and foreseen to be
integrated into the NSPC.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Under EMPS, several research programmes were undertaken
*
IUCN Red Data List Project; to review the status of woody
endemics using the IUCN criteria
*
Production of a Research Agenda
*
Pollinators and genetics of Glacis Plants
*
Protocols for nursery and propagation of Seychelles Endemics
plants; this included the capacity building in in-situ and
ex-situ conservation, database for 90% of the endemics
(2001-2003)
*
Conserving the unique plant endemics of the Seychelles.
Identification of plant conservation needs within Seychelles
by developing Science based conservation strategies.
*
Production of a restoration protocols by Plant Conservation
Action Group (PCA).
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Lack of resources
XXVII.
Target 4. At least ten percent of each of the world’s ecological
regions effectively conserved.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
n/a
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
n/a
VII.
Any other relevant information
n/a
XXVIII.
(Same as above)
Target 5. Protection of fifty percent of the most important areas
for plant diversity assured.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
There are plans to increase the number of protected areas in
Seychelles.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
There is already 46% of land area under legal protection in the
country.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
n/a
VII.
Any other relevant information
n/a
XXIX.
Target 6. At least thirty percent of production lands managed
consistent with the conservation of plant diversity.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
n/a
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
n/a
VII.
Any other relevant information
n/a
XXX.
Target 7. Sixty percent of the world’s threatened species
conserved In-situ.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Most of the threatened species are found in protected areas.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Partly covered in the EMPS 2000-2010 under the goal of “increasing
in situ conservation” and to be included in the NSPC.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Assessment to determine distribution of endemic species is being
considered. Targets to be included in the NSPC.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Financial Resources to conduct assessment.
XXXI.
Target 8. Sixty percent of threatened plant species in accessible
Ex-situ collections, preferably in the country of origin, and 10
percent of them included in recovery and restoration programmes.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Ex Situ programmes are already established under the EMPS.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
To be included in the NSPC
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Nurseries are being established for various restoration projects.
The Biodiversity Centre is presently carrying out research on the
best method for propagating the different endemic species.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
Measures to eradicate exotic species so that native species could
be reintroduced to restore degraded habitats.
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
Involvement of private island owners and other stakeholders in
plant conservation programmes.
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Funding
XXXII.
Target 9. Seventy percent of the genetic diversity of crops and
other major socio-economically valuable plant species conserved,
and associated indigenous and local knowledge maintained.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Conservation centres (Nuseries) established for crop diversity.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
Policies are under development.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Some work was carried out by the Department of Natural Resources
in cataloging various agro crops. However this target has largely
not been implemented
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
N/a
XXXIII.
Target 10. Management plans in place for at least 100 major alien
species that threaten plants, plant communities and associated
habitats and ecosystems.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
Certain management programmes in place (e.g. Mellon Fruit Fly)
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Incorporated in the EMPS and being developed into projects.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
A project is being developed to control IAS in trade and
production sectors.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
An Act will be developed to establish a Biosecurity service
(agency).
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
Project proposal submitted for funding.
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Lack of expertise/experts in alien invasive species.
XXXIV.
Target 11. No species of wild flora endangered by international
trade.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
Plans to incorporate the species (Coco de Mer) under the Appendix
of CITES
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
XXXV.
Target 12. Thirty percent of plant-based products derived from
sources that are sustainably managed.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
Target to be established under the NSPC.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
n/a
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
n/a
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
n/a
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
n/a
VII.
Any other relevant information
n/a
XXXVI.
Target 13. The decline of plant resources, and associated
indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices that
support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health
care, halted.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
n/a
XXXVII.
Target 14. The importance of plant diversity and the need for its
conservation incorporated into communication, educational and
public-awareness programmes.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
There is no specific target but several educational programmes are
centered on the need for plant conservation.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Education and Sensitisation is a cross sectoral theme in the EMPS
2000-2010.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Public awareness programmes are seen as a success in the
Seychelles and there is a high coverage of plant biodiversity
issues in print and on television.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
Most newspapers have an “Environment corner” with contributions
from environmental Department staff as well as NGO’s. Several
NGO’s have developed their own websites and blogs. Newsletters
such as “Kapisen” (PCA) serve as good educational and information
dissemination tool. Environmental education is mainstreamed into
school curricula and creation of Wildlife clubs in schools, is a
key initiative that has helped achieve the national target.
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
Creation of an environmental education unit within the Ministry of
Education and many environmental incentive schemes e.g. eco
schools competition. There is very little work done in assessing
the level of education awareness of the population.
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Capacity in terms of human resources and finance is limited.
Ongoing programmes are difficult to sustain. The level of success
of education programmes has not been adequately studied.
VII.
Any other relevant information
XXXVIII.
Target 15. The number of trained people working with appropriate
facilities in plant conservation increased, according to national
needs, to achieve the targets of this Strategy.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to
the above global target?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
The need has been addressed under the EMPS 2000-2010.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national
target into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
Incorporated under the EMPS 2000-2010.
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
There has been little success in meeting this target. Capacity in
this sector has been hampered with relatively high staff turnover
and lack of suitably qualified individuals.
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to
achieve the target)
Lack of sufficient measures means that this component was not
implemented. Training programmes were held but not specifically
related to this target.
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used
to monitor progress towards the target)
There is still no local plant pathologist, taxonomist and
botanist.
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Incentives for staff retention need to be considered.
VII.
Any other relevant information
No particular training on Plant Conservation. Training was carried
out as part of the Department training programme, not necessarily
in connection to this target.
XXXIX.
Target 16. Networks for plant conservation activities established or
strengthened at national, regional and international levels.
I.
Has your country established national target corresponding to the
above global target?
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
Please specify
National Network established locally with various NGO’s involved in
conservation activities.
II.
Has your country incorporated the above global or national target
into relevant plans, programmes and strategies?
a.
Yes
b.
No
X
Please specify
III.
Current status (please indicate current status related to this
target)
Private island owners, NGOs and Department of Environment are working
together at National level. Various workshops were conducted with
regional institutions in order to strengthen plant conservation works.
There is generally good collaboration between National and
International Institutions
IV.
Measures taken to achieve target (please indicate activities,
legislative measures and other steps taken with a view to achieve
the target)
Regional and local workshops organized to strengthen collaboration.
V.
Progress made towards target (please specify indicators used to
monitor progress towards the target)
Network strengthened through the participation of various stakeholders
VI.
Constraints to achieving progress towards the target
Funding
VII.
Any other relevant information
n/a
Ecosystem Approach
The ecosystem approach is a strategy for the integrated management of
land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and
sustainable use in an equitable way.
Application of the ecosystem approach will help to reach a balance of
the three objectives of the Convention. At its second meeting, the
Conference of the Parties has affirmed that the ecosystem approach is
the primary framework for action under the Convention
(decision II/8). The Conference of the Parties, at its fifth meeting,
endorsed the
description of the ecosystem approach and operational guidance and
recommended the application of the principles and other guidance on
the ecosystem approach. The seventh meeting of the Conference of the
Parties agreed that the priority at this time should be
facilitating implementation of the ecosystem approach. Please provide
relevant information by responding to the following questions.
3.
◊ 1 Is your country applying the ecosystem approach, taking into
account the principles and guidance contained in the annex to
decision V/6? (decision V/6)
a.
No
b.
No, but application is under consideration
c.
Yes, some aspects are being applied
d.
Yes, substantially implemented
X
3.
◊ Is your country developing practical expressions of the ecosystem
approach for national policies and legislation and for
implementation activities, with adaptation to local, national, and
regional conditions? (decision V/6)
a.
No
b.
No, but development is under consideration
c.
Yes, practical expressions have been developed for applying some
principles of the ecosystem approach
d.
Yes, practical expressions have been developed for applying most
principles of the ecosystem approach
X
3.
Is your country strengthening capacities for the application of the
ecosystem approach, and
providing technical and financial support for capacity-building to
apply the ecosystem approach? (decision V/6)
a.
No
b.
Yes, within the country
X
c.
Yes, including providing support to other Parties
3.
◊ Has your country promoted regional cooperation in applying the
ecosystem approach across national borders? (decision V/6)
a.
No
b.
Yes, informal cooperation (please provide details below)
c.
Yes, formal cooperation (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on regional cooperation in applying the ecosystem
approach across national borders.
The Seychelles is participating in several regional projects which
apply the ecosystem approach. These include the WioLab project for the
western Indian Ocean region, as well as the COI project for the
monitoring of coral reef ecosystems.
3.
Is your country facilitating the exchange of experiences, capacity
building, technology transfer and awareness raising to assist with
the implementation of the ecosystem approach? (decisions VI/12 and
VII/11)
a.
No
b.
No, some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some programmes are being implemented (please provide details
below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes are being implemented (please
provide details below)
Further comments on facilitating the exchange of experiences, capacity
building, technology transfer and awareness raising to assist with the
implementation of the ecosystem approach.
Training programmes conducted as part of regional projects, as above.
3.
Is your country creating an enabling environment for the
implementation of the ecosystem approach, including through
development of appropriate institutional frameworks? (decision
VII/11)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant policies and programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some policies and programmes are in place (please provide
details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive policies and programmes are in place (please
provide details below)
Further comments on the creation of an enabling environment for the
implementation of the ecosystem approach.
The Seychelles is implementing the Integrated Ecosystem Management
Programme (IEM) which is being supported by the GEF. The programme has
several biodiversity projects which incorporates the development of
appropriate institutional frameworks in accordance to decision VII/11.
Government is seeding conservation work to NGO’s and thus
decentralizing its operations.
C. ARTICLES OF THE CONVENTION
Article 5 – Cooperation
9.
◊ Is your country actively cooperating with other Parties in
respect of areas beyond national jurisdiction for the conservation
and sustainable use of biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
Yes, bilateral cooperation (please give details below)
c.
Yes, multilateral cooperation (please give details below)
X
d.
Yes, regional and/or subregional cooperation (please give details
below)
x
e.
Yes, other forms of cooperation (please give details below)
Further comments on cooperation with other Parties in respect of areas
beyond national jurisdiction for the conservation and sustainable use
of biodiversity.
The following are regional projects which involve cooperation beyond
national borders for the conservation and sustainable use of
biological diversity;
1. Western Indian Ocean Land Based Pollution Control project,
(WIO-Lab)
2. Maritime Highway Project
3. IOC project – Tuna Assessment and Tagging Project
4. Implementation of the IOSEA turtle’s MOU
5. IOC Coral Reef Network Project
6. IOC project on Marines Protected Areas network for the western
Indian Ocean countries
7. SADEC wildlife protocol, Forestry Protocol, SADC Regional
Biodiversity Strategy.
8. Nairobi Convention Wildlife Protocol,
9. Party to Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
(CITES).
9.
Is your country working with other Parties to develop regional,
subregional or bioregional mechanisms and networks to support
implementation of the Convention? (decision VI/27 A)
a.
No
b.
No, but consultations are under way
c.
Yes, some mechanisms and networks have been established (please
provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, existing mechanisms have been strengthened (please provide
details below)
Further comments on development of regional, subregional or
bioregional mechanisms and networks to support implementation of the
Convention.
As indicated under 9 above.
9.
Is your country taking steps to harmonize national policies and
programmes, with a view to optimizing policy coherence, synergies
and efficiency in the implementation of various multilateral
environment agreements (MEAs) and relevant regional initiatives at
the national level? (decision VI/20)
a.
No
b.
No, but steps are under consideration
c.
Yes, some steps are being taken (please specify below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive steps are being taken (please specify below)
Further comments on the harmonization of policies and programmes at
the national level.
The National Capacity Needs Self Assessment (NCSA) provided an
assessment of capacity for implementation of three main MEA’s (CBD,
UNFCCC, CCD). The NCSA objective which was “To determine the priority
needs, and establish a plan of action, for developing Seychelles’
capacity to meet its MEA commitments” was successful in its outcome.
Implementation of the action plan intended to improve policy
coherence, synergies and efficiency of national policies and
programmes was not sufficiently implemented for lack of resources.
In terms of institutional mechanisms, a national conventions unit was
established in 2004 within the Department of Environment to coordinate
Multilateral Agreements. However the unit requires strengthening and
functions more at coordination level between the different focal
points.
XL.
Please elaborate below on the implementation of this strategy
specifically focusing on:
a.
outcomes and impacts of actions taken;
b.
contribution to the achievement of the goals of the Strategic Plan
of the Convention;
c.
contribution to progress towards the 2010 target;
d.
progress in implementing national biodiversity strategies and
action plans;
e.
contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals;
f.
constraints encountered in implementation.
Limited actions undertaken to harmonize national actions with MEA,s.
The National Biodiversity Action Plan is being continually implemented
by the Department of Environment. Integration of Millennium
Development Goals has so far not been integrated.
The main constraint experienced is lack of resources for
implementation.
Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable use
9.
Has your country put in place effective national strategies, plans
and programmes to provide a national framework for implementing
the three objectives of the Convention? (Goal 3.1 of the Strategic
Plan)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant strategies, plans and programmes are under
development
c.
Yes, some strategies, plans and programmes are in place (please
provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive strategies, plans and programmes are in place
(please provide details below)
Further comments on the strategies, plans and programmes for
implementing the three objectives of the Convention.
Environment Management Plan Of Seychelles (EMPS) 2000 -2010, sets out
clear strategies, programmes and actions that reinforce the objectives
of the Convention.
Under the EMPS thematic area of Biodiversity the following goals are
being achieved;
Increasing In Situ Conservation
Strengthening Identification and Monitoring of Biodiversity
Conserving Biological diversity of inland water ecosystems
Strengthening ex-situ Biodiversity Conservation
Strengthening Biodiversity Capacity-building, Community Partnership
and Networking.
Development of National Biodiversity Policy
These programmes and other sectoral plans are comprehensive but only
address two of the three objectives of the Convention. So far limited
action has been undertaken in developing strategic plans for the fair
and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of
genetic resources.
9.
◊ Has your country set measurable targets within its national
strategies and action plans? (decisions II/7 and III/9)
a.
No
b.
No, measurable targets are still in early stages of development
c.
No, but measurable targets are in advanced stages of development
d.
Yes, relevant targets are in place (please provide details below)
e.
Yes, reports on implementation of relevant targets available
(please provide details below)
X
Further comments on targets set within national biodiversity
strategies and action plans.
Measureable targets exist within the main strategic action plan namely
the EMPS 2000-2010. The action plan contains OVI for each work
element.
9.
Has your country identified priority actions in its national
biodiversity strategy and action plan? (decision VI/27 A)
a.
No
b.
No, but priority actions are being identified
c.
Yes, priority actions identified (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on priority actions identified in the national
biodiversity strategy and action plan.
NBSAP
The Seychelles NBSAP incorporates a priority ranking system as
follows:
Code 1: Projects that intend solving very urgent problems to do with
Biodiversity
conservation and sustainable use, or because their completion is a
pre-requisite for the success of
other projects.
Code 2: Projects that may not be as urgent as Code 1 projects, but
propose addressing
issues of high Biodiversity significance and global priority.
Code 3: Projects, although bearing an intrinsic priority intend to
address longer-term
issues than Code 2 projects.
Code 4: Projects that should be included in the NBSAP but which could
be phased
EMPS
The biodiversity strategy and actions under the EMPS is essentially
priority actions for the country. Seychelles has developed a
comprehensive list of priority actions. The next stage is to
prioritise programmes and activities in the EMPS 2011-2020.
9.
Has your country integrated the conservation and sustainable use
of biodiversity as well as benefit sharing into relevant sectoral
or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies? (decision VI/27
A)
a.
No
b.
Yes, in some sectors (please provide details below)
c.
Yes, in major sectors (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, in all sectors (please provide details below)
Further information on integration of the conservation and sustainable
use of biodiversity and benefit-sharing into relevant sectoral or
cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.
Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity is well integrated
within the plans of all sectors of the Country. The EMPS and its
committee serve as the framework for the mainstreaming of biodiversity
issues into other sectors of society. This is particularly the case
for Tourism Sector where hotels and exclusive island destinations are
supporting and undertaking conservation work. The Department of
Environment has a strong say in planning applications for all
developments in the Country. Therefore policies relating to Land Use,
Tourism and Agriculture are inextricably linked to conservation and
sustainable use of biodiversity.
Access to benefit sharing is however not effectively established
within the national framework. This aspect should be appropriately
integrated within the development of the next generation EMPS.
9.
Are migratory species and their habitats addressed by your
country’s national biodiversity strategy or action plan (NBSAP)?
(decision VI/20)
a.
Yes
X
b.
No
I.
If Yes, please briefly describe the extent to which it addresses
a.
Conservation, sustainable use and/or restoration of migratory
species
Turtle conservation plans.
b.
Conservation, sustainable use and/or restoration of migratory
species’ habitats, including protected areas
Habitat protection for turtles and sharks.
c.
Minimizing or eliminating barriers or obstacles to migration
Specific actions are carried out in the absence of a national
strategy. E.g., Roche Caiman Bird Sanctuary.
d.
Research and monitoring for migratory species
Turtle and shark monitoring programmes.
e.
Transboundary movement
Regional Whale shark project
II.
If NO, please briefly indicate below
a.
The extent to which your country addresses migratory species at
national level
b.
Cooperation with other Range States since 2000
Biodiversity and Climate Change
9.
Has your country implemented projects aimed at mitigating and
adapting to climate change that incorporate biodiversity
conservation and sustainable use? (decision VII/15)
a.
No
b.
No, but some projects or programs are under development
X
c.
Yes, some projects have been implemented (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the projects aimed at mitigating and adapting to
climate change that incorporate biodiversity conservation and
sustainable use.
Seychelles have a National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) which
encompasses different representatives of government agencies and
private sector. Its mandate is to coordinate the development and
implementation of the national climate change programme.
With respect to climate change and biodiversity, projects were carried
out in the assessment of coral bleaching following El Nino events.
More recently the NCCC developed several projects being;
1 “Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the Seychelles” which
included monitoring of coastal sea-circulation and beach erosion.
Monitoring changes in plankton and benthic communities of coral reef
ecosystem and assessment of cost-effective adaptation options (policy
and technical) for sea level rise.
2.
“Monitoring and assessment of the effects of climate change on
fisheries in the Seychelles”. This project; implemented by
Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA) aims to reinforce coral reef
monitoring and fish stocks as well as sea surface temperature.
There has not been any project looking at Agricultural biodiversity
and its adaption to climate change. However plans are underway to
establish an insurance scheme for the agricultural sector and to carry
out an index of crops.
9.
Has your country facilitated coordination to ensure that climate
change mitigation and adaptation projects are in line with
commitments made under the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change and the United Nations Convention to Combat
Desertification? (decision VII/15)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant mechanisms are under development
c.
Yes, relevant mechanisms are in place (please provide details
below)
X
Further comments on the coordination to ensure that climate change
mitigation and adaptation projects are in line with commitments made
under the UNFCCC and the UNCCD.
The National Climate Change Committee coordinates climate change
mitigation and adaptation projects in the Seychelles. The Climate
Change Strategy brings the Government policy in line with commitments
of the UNFCC and CCD.
Article 7 - Identification and monitoring
9.
◊ On Article 7(a), does your country have an ongoing programme to
identify components of biological diversity at the genetic,
species, ecosystem level?
a.
No
b.
Yes, selected/partial programmes at the genetic, species and/or
ecosystem level only (please specify and provide details below)
X
c.
Yes, complete programmes at ecosystem level and selected/partial
inventories at the genetic and/or species level (please specify
and provide details below)
Further comments on ongoing programmes to identify components of
biodiversity at the genetic, species and ecosystem level.
There are many programmes to identify components of biological
diversity. This is being done primarily by NGO’s at the species level.
Including
*
Indian Ocean Biodiversity Assessment (2000-2005)
*
Benthic mapping of Marine National Parks
*
Tortoise census on Curieuse Island
*
Curieuse Coco-de-mer census
*
Coral Reef Monitoring Programme in COI member countries
*
Plankton Biodiversity; Training, sampling, taxonomy and data
evaluation in Seychelles and Mauritius (Darwin/9004)
*
Monitoring and tagging of whale Shark
*
Population status and habitat preferences of the Seychelles
black parrot Coracopsis nigra barklyi on Praslin
*
Remote sensing of Aldabra Atoll lagoon and terrestrial areas
*
Initial survey of population status and distribution of the
Madagascar pond-heron Ardeola idae on Aldabra Atoll
*
Sustainable harvesting of the coco de mer Lodoicea maldivica
(CdM)
*
Long-term demographic monitoring of the coco de mer Lodoicea
maldivica (CdM)
*
Studies of gecko ecology in the Vallée de Mai
*
Species Conservation and Action Plan for Seychelles Black
Paradise Flycatcher, Vev, Veuve, Terpsiphone corvine
*
Species Conservation and Action Plan 2001-2006 for
Seychelles Fodym Tok Tok
*
Species Conservation and Action Plan 2001-2006 for
Seychelles Magpie Robin, Pi Santez, Copsychus sechellarum
*
Species Conservation and Action Plan 2001-2006 for
Seychelles, Seychelles (bare-legged) scops owl, Syer, Otus
insularis
*
Species Conservation and Action Plan 2000 – 2006 for
Seychelles white eye, Oiseau-lunettes des Seychelles, Zwazo
linet Sesel, Zosterops modestus
9.
◊ On Article 7(b), which components of biological diversity
identified in accordance with Annex I of the Convention, have
ongoing, systematic monitoring programmes?
a.
at ecosystem level (please provide percentage based on area
covered)
X
b.
at species level (please provide number of species per
taxonomic group and percentage of total known number of
species in each group)
X
c.
at genetic level (please indicate number and focus of
monitoring programmes )
Further comments on ongoing monitoring programmes at the genetic,
species and ecosystem level.
Monitoring programmes are being undertaken by the Department of
Environment and Environmental NGO’s. Mostly done at species level,
monitoring programmes are integrated in island management plans.
Specific programmes are
*
Marine species database
*
Silhouette Island Conservation Project (sheath-tailed bat
population, sooglossid frogs, sea-turtle nesting, snails,
litter invertebrates, hawkmoths)
*
The monitoring of Seychelles Endemic species
*
Conception Vegetation Management Plan 2001-2006 ,
*
Vegetation Management for North Island, Aride Island
*
Cousin Island Management plan
*
Coral monitoring programme (SCMRT /GVI)
*
Whale shark, turtle, cetaceans and plankton monitoring
programme( MCSS)
*
Fisheries assessment of Lobsters, Octopus and Sea Cucumber ;
SFA / GVI
9.
◊ On Article 7(c), does your country have ongoing, systematic
monitoring programmes on any of the following key threats to
biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
Yes, invasive alien species (please provide details below)
X
c.
Yes, climate change (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, pollution/eutrophication (please provide details below)
X
e.
Yes, land use change/land degradation (please provide details
below)
X
f.
Yes, overexploitation or unsustainable use (please provide details
below)
X
Further comments on monitoring programmes on key threats to
biodiversity.
Invasive alien species
Under the main goal for in situ conservation under the EMPS;
“Objective 1.1: To control invasive exotic species”. Eradications of
AIS were conducted on several islands on such as Fregate.
Where the species could not be eradicated, a control programme was put
it place (e.g. Control of feral goats on Aldabra (SIF)
Eradication of Invasive Exotic plants were carried out and several
islands rehabilitated.
Climate Change
The Seychelles Meteorological office has weather monitoring
programmes. The following activities were undertaken;
Monitoring of coastal sea-circulation and coastal beach erosion
Monitoring of changes in plankton
Monitoring of benthic communities of coral reef ecosystem
Assessment of cost-effective adaptation options (policy and technical)
for sea level rise.
Coral reef monitoring
Monitoring of Fish stocks
Pollution /Eutrophication
The Pollution Section within the Department of Environment undertakes
routine monitoring of water quality, air and land based pollution.
Land use change / Land degradation
The Coastal Zone Unit undertakes regular monitoring of coastal zone,
particularly beach monitoring programme and rehabilitation work.
Overexploitation or unsustainable use
There are controls in place to mitigate over exploitation of certain
species in Seychelles. This relates to tuna under the regional IOTC
project. Seasonal and license controls have been applied on certain
species e.g. lobster and sea cucumbers.
9.
◊ On Article 7 (d), does your country have a mechanism to maintain
and organize data derived from inventories and monitoring
programmes and coordinate information collection and management at
the national level?
a.
No
b.
No, but some mechanisms or systems are being considered
c.
Yes, some mechanisms or systems are being established
d.
Yes, some mechanisms or systems are in place (please provide
details below)
x
e.
Yes, a relatively complete system is in place (please provide
details below)
Further information on the coordination of data and information
collection and management.
The EMPS Steering Committee is the national forum for such information
exchange. Results from monitoring programme are directed to the
committee and the secretariat acts as the main repository of such
information. The information is distributed to interested parties and
members of the committee and is used for developing policies at the
National level.
A data management unit was set up in the Ministry of Environment to
collate and share information from species inventories and monitoring.
There are inventories and monitoring data from other organizations and
interest groups such as the Bird records committee. It remains a
challenge to consolidate all inventory and monitoring.
9.
◊ Does your country use indicators for national-level monitoring
of biodiversity? (decision III/10)
a.
No
b.
No, but identification of potential indicators is under way
(please describe)
c.
Yes, some indicators identified and in use (please describe and,
if available, provide website address, where data are summarized
and presented)
X
d.
Yes, a relatively complete set of indicators identified and in use
(please describe and, if available, provide website address, where
data are summarized and presented
Further comments on the indicators identified and in use.
The OVI used in the EMPS programme of action represents indicators for
national monitoring of biodiversity.
Decisions on Taxonomy
9.
◊ Has your country developed a plan to implement the suggested
actions as annexed to decision IV/1? (decision IV/1)
a.
No
b.
No, but a plan is under development
c.
Yes, a plan is in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, reports on implementation available (please provide details
below)
X
Further information on a plan to implement the suggested actions as
annexed to decision IV/1.
See (19 above).
9.
◊ Is your country investing on a long-term basis in the
development of appropriate infrastructure for your national
taxonomic collections? (decision IV/1)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further information on investment on a long-term basis in the
development of appropriate infrastructure for your national taxonomic
collections.
The Barbarons Biodiversity Centre is the main infrastructure for
national plant taxonomic collection. However due to lack of funding
the centre is not able to achieve its full purpose.
9.
◊ Does your country provide training programmes in taxonomy and
work to increase its capacity of taxonomic research? (decision
IV/1)
a.
No
X
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further information on training programmes in taxonomy and efforts to
increase the capacity of taxonomic research.
No capacity exists locally. Although the country does not provide
training. Increasing capacity in taxonomic work is planned under the
EMPS 2000-2010.
9.
◊ Has your country taken steps to ensure that institutions
responsible for biological diversity inventories and taxonomic
activities are financially and administratively stable? (decision
IV/1)
a.
No
b.
No, but steps are being considered
c.
Yes, for some institutions
X
d.
Yes, for all major institutions
28. 2 Is your country collaborating with the existing regional,
subregional and global initiatives, partnerships and institutions in
carrying out the programme of work, including assessing regional
taxonomic needs and identifying regional-level priorities? (decision
VI/8)
a.
No
b.
No, but collaborative programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some collaborative programmes are being implemented (please
provide details about collaborative programmes, including results
of regional needs assessments)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive collaborative programmes are being implemented
(please provide details about collaborative programmes, including
results of regional needs assessment and priority identification)
Further information on the collaboration your country is carrying out
to implement the programme of work for the GTI, including regional
needs assessment and priority identification.
The Indian Ocean Expedition 2000-2005 undertook collective
representations of all animals, plants and fungi on each island in the
Seychelles. There is ongoing collaboration between the Seychelles
Botanical Garden and the Botanic Garden Conservation International
(BGCI).
29.  Has your country made an assessment of taxonomic needs and
capacities at the national level for the implementation of the
Convention? (annex to decision VI/8)
a.
No
b.
Yes, basic assessment made (please provide below a list of needs
and capacities identified)
X
c.
Yes, thorough assessment made (please provide below a list of
needs and capacities identified)
Further comments on national assessment of taxonomic needs and
capacities.
Capacity Assessments found little ability in undertaking taxonomic
work in the Seychelles due to lack of qualified taxonomist.
30.
 Is your country working on regional or global capacity building
to support access to, and generation of, taxonomic information in
collaboration with other Parties? (annex to decision VI/8)
a.
No
b.
Yes, relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some activities are being undertaken for this purpose (please
provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, many activities are being undertaken for this purpose (please
provide details below)
Further comments on regional or global capacity‑building to support
access to, and generation of, taxonomic information in collaboration
with other Parties.
Seychelles collaborated with Botanic Garden Conservation International
(BGCI) under the “Darwin Initiative - Eden Project” 2004. The
Department of Environment collaborated with NERC Centre for coastal
Marine Science and the Royal Geographical Society for the project
which undertook training, sampling, taxonomy and data evaluation of
Plankton Biodiversity in Seychelles. Outputs included plankton
monographs, a sampling manual and key plankton species guide.
Also some Seychelles biodiversity experts are members of Bionet (http://www.bionet-intl.org).
An international not-for-profit initiative dedicated to promoting
taxonomy, and work towards global capacity building and access to
taxonomic information.
30.
 Has your country developed taxonomic support for the
implementation of the programmes of work under the Convention as
called upon in decision VI/8? (annex to decision VI/8)
a.
No
b.
Yes, for forest biodiversity (please provide details below)
X
c.
Yes, for marine and coastal biodiversity (please provide details
below)
X
d.
Yes, for dry and sub-humid lands (please provide details below)
Na
e.
Yes, for inland waters biodiversity (please provide details below)
X
f.
Yes, for mountain biodiversity (please provide details below)
X
g.
Yes, for protected areas (please provide details below)
x
h.
Yes, for agricultural biodiversity (please provide details below)
x
i.
Yes, for island biodiversity (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the development of taxonomic support for the
implementation of the programmes of work under the Convention.
Freshwater assessment was carried out by ARDA in collaboration with
Parish Natural History Museum and a new species of freshwater fish was
discovered. A report on ferns of the Seychelles was produced by
research students attached to the Department of Environment. Taxonomic
work on forest/mountain biodiversity has been undertaken by NGOs.
30.
 Has your country developed taxonomic support for the
implementation of the cross-cutting issues under the Convention as
called upon in decision VI/8?
a.
No
b.
Yes, for access and benefit-sharing (please provide details below)
c.
Yes, for Article 8(j) (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, for the ecosystem approach (please provide details below)
X
e.
Yes, for impact assessment, monitoring and indicators (please
provide details below)
f.
Yes, for invasive alien species (please provide details below)
X
g.
Yes, for others (please provide details below)
Further comments on the development of taxonomic support for the
implementation of the cross-cutting issues under the Convention.
A Biosecurity project is being developed which will provide taxonomic
support and threat analysis for invasive alien species. This project
will be part of the ongoing Integrated Ecosystem Management programme.
Article 8 - In-situ conservation
[excluding paragraphs (a) to (e), (h) and (j)]
30.
◊ On Article 8(i), has your country endeavored to provide the
conditions needed for compatibility between present uses and the
conservation of biological diversity and sustainable use of its
components?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are being identified
c.
Yes, some measures undertaken (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures undertaken (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the measures taken to provide the conditions
needed for compatibility between present uses and the conservation of
biological diversity and sustainable use of its components.
Development pressure and overexploitation is the main threat to
biological diversity in the country. The Department of Environment has
developed a high status for approving planning applications which
ensure compatibility between uses and conservation. The creation of
protected areas and management methods e.g., quotas on exploitation of
selected species and strict control on endemic species (Coco de Mer,
tortoises), have all contributed to ensuring compatibility of present
uses .
30.
◊ On Article 8(k), has your country developed or maintained the
necessary legislation and/or other regulatory provisions for the
protection of threatened species and populations?
a.
No
b.
No, but legislation is being developed
c.
Yes, legislation or other measures are in place (please provide
details below)
X
Further information on the legislation and/or regulations for the
protection of threatened species and populations.
The following legislation deals specifically with protection of
threatened species in the Seychelles
*
Wild Animals and Birds Protection Act,
*
National Parks and Nature Conservancy Act,
*
State Land and River Reserves Act,
*
Breadfruit and Other Trees Act.
*
Fisheries Act
*
Birds Egg Act
*
Coco de mer (Management Decree) of 1979, amended in 1994
Furthermore the Environmental Protection Act (EPA), includes several
regulations that serve similar purposes e.g. Environment Impact
Assessment Regulations which requires developments to have an
Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) conducted. EPA also regulates all
forms of pollution.
30.
◊ On Article 8(l), does your country regulate or manage processes
and categories of activities identified under Article 7 as having
significant adverse effects on biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant processes and categories of activities being
identified
c.
Yes, to a limited extent (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, to a significant extent (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the regulation or management of the processes and
categories of activities identified by Article 7 as having significant
adverse effects on biodiversity.
Illegal activity affecting biological biodiversity
The authorities have brought a number of successful cases to court for
the poaching of turtles and birds.
Overexploitation
Stock assessment is routinely carried out for selected marine species
by the Seychelles Fishing Authority and continues to regulate
threatened marine species.
Pollution
Pollution control section actively regulates land and marine based
pollution. There has been several court cases and out of court
settlements, for illegal discharge of bilge oil from ships.
Land degradation
A project to look at land degradation issues is under development.
There have been attempts to rehabilitate areas damaged by fires,
de-silting of rivers and the rehabilitation of severely eroded coastal
areas.
Regulatory Instruments
The EIA regulation is the main pathway for identification of impacts
to biodiversity due to construction activities. The EIA process in
Seychelles is relatively successful and specific experts are scoped
particularly for large coastal developments.
Programme of Work on Protected Areas (Article 8 (a) to (e))
30.
Has your country established suitable time bound and measurable
national-level protected areas targets and indicators? (decision
VII/28)
a.
No (please specify reasons)
b.
No, but relevant work is under way
c.
Yes, some targets and indicators established (please provide
details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive targets and indicators established (please
provide details below)
Further comments on targets and indicators for protected areas.
Management plan for Marine Parks are in place. The targets are however
not time bound.
Management plans for some islands have been developed.
30.
Has your country taken action to establish or expand protected
areas in any large or relatively unfragmented natural area or
areas under high threat, including securing threatened species?
(decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, limited actions taken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, significant actions taken (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on actions taken to establish or expand protected
areas.
There are significant protected areas established in the Seychelles
with marine parks, special reserves, and terrestrial nature parks.
There is currently a no development policy above the 50m contour line
on the island of Praslin.
The Government has purchased private land on La Digue, in an attempt
to prevent development and thus maintain habitats for the endemic bird
species.
30.
Has your country taken any action to address the under
representation of marine and inland water ecosystems in the
existing national or regional systems of protected areas?
(decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
Not applicable
c.
No, but relevant actions are being considered
d.
Yes, limited actions taken (please provide details below)
X
e.
Yes, significant actions taken (please provide details below)
Further comments on actions taken to address the under representation
of marine and inland water ecosystems in the existing national or
regional systems of protected areas.
The Seychelles developed its wetlands policy integrating the
protection and management of wetlands within its national action plan.
Sensitive marine and inland water ecosystems are protected from
developments as part of the EIA process.
The Seychelles also has legislated shell reserves and has undertaken
leading role in the protection of migratory species such as the whale
shark.
30.
Has your country identified and implemented practical steps for
improving the integration of protected areas into broader land and
seascapes, including policy, planning and other measures?
(decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some steps identified and implemented (please provide details
below)
X
d.
Yes, many steps identified and implemented (please provide details
below)
Further comments on practical steps for improving integration of
protected areas into broader land and seascapes, including policy,
planning and other measures.
There are plans to integrate biodiversity into production landscape
under a new GEF project. The Protected Area project under development
will enhance the integration of PA’s into broader land and seascapes,
including policy, legislative review and management approach.
30.
Is your country applying environmental impact assessment
guidelines to projects or plans for evaluating effects on
protected areas? (decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant EIA guidelines are under development
c.
Yes, EIA guidelines are applied to some projects or plans (please
provide details below)
d.
Yes, EIA guidelines are applied to all relevant projects or plans
(please provide details below)
X
Further comments on application of environmental impact assessment
guidelines to projects or plans for evaluating effects on protected
areas.
The EIA regulation specifies the legal requirement for developers to
carry out an assessment on the impact that the development will have
on the environment. EIA can be class I or class II, depending on the
scale of the project. This is determined by the Department of
Environment based on information about the project. Public
consultations is a key component of all Class I EIA, and this has been
carried out successfully, particularly for hotel developments.
30.
Has your country identified legislative and institutional gaps and
barriers that impede effective establishment and management of
protected areas? (decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant work is under way
c.
Yes, some gaps and barriers identified (please provide details
below))
X
d.
Yes, many gaps and barriers identified (please provide details
below)
Further comments on identification of legislative and institutional
gaps and barriers that impede effective establishment and management
of protected areas.
The country has identified some gaps and barriers which impede
effective establishment and management of protected areas. In
particular the criteria for the designation and characterization of
Protected Areas under the National Parks and Nature Conservancy Act,
needs to be updated (based on IUCN categories) taking into account
factors such as ecological criteria, coverage of key ecosystems,
ownership and management structures.
30.
Has your country undertaken national protected-area capacity needs
assessments and established capacity building programmes?
(decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but assessments are under way
c.
Yes, a basic assessment undertaken and some programmes established
(please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, a thorough assessment undertaken and comprehensive programmes
established (please provide details below)
Further comments on protected-area capacity needs assessment and
establishment of capacity building programmes.
National Capacity Needs Assessment was carried out in 2004. The
assessment was for the implementation of the three major conventions
being CBD, UNFCC and CCD and not specifically for protected areas. The
assessment provided clear programmes to be followed to build capacity.
Detailed information on these programmes can be found on the
environment website (http://www.env.gov.sc).
30.
Is your country implementing country-level sustainable financing
plans that support national systems of protected areas? (decision
VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant plan is under development
c.
Yes, relevant plan is in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, relevant plan is being implemented (please provide details
below)
Further comments on implementation of country-level sustainable
financing plans that support national systems of protected areas.
The EMPS is the high level management plan including mechanisms for
financing the management of PA through Government budget and donor
funding. Most PA’s operate a fee structure for entry and the money is
used to maintain the different reserves and national parks.
30.
Is your country implementing appropriate methods, standards,
criteria and indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of
protected areas management and governance? (decision VII/28)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant methods, standards, criteria and indicators are
under development
c.
Yes, some national methods, standards, criteria and indicators
developed and in use (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, some national methods, standards, criteria and indicators
developed and in use and some international methods, standards,
criteria and indicators in use (please provide details below)
Further comments on methods, standards, criteria and indicators for
evaluating the effectiveness of protected areas management and
governance.
A review was conducted by IUCN for evaluating the effectiveness of
protected areas management.
Article 8(h) - Alien species
30.
Has your country identified alien species introduced into its
territory and established a system for tracking the introduction
of alien species?
a.
No
b.
Yes, some alien species identified but a tracking system not yet
established
X
c.
Yes, some alien species identified and tracking system in place
d.
Yes, alien species of major concern identified and tracking system
in place
30.
◊ Has your country assessed the risks posed to ecosystems,
habitats or species by the introduction of these alien species?
a.
No
b.
Yes, but only for some alien species of concern (please provide
details below)
X
c.
Yes, for most alien species (please provide details below)
Further information on the assessment of the risks posed to
ecosystems, habitats or species by the introduction of these alien
species.
Some assessment were done e.g. Spiraling White fly (Aleurodicus
dispersus); melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae), coconut disease (Melitoma
insularae), takamaka wilt disease (Verticillium calophylli), invasive
plants (Philodedron bipinnatifudum) and water lettuce (Pista
Statoites). Impact assessment is available for crested tree lizard
found on Ste Anne, the algae Caulerpa Spp detected around the island
of Astove and the three marine IAS found in Port of Victoria (Ericthonius
braziliensis, Stenothoe valida, Mycale cf. Cecilia.).
No assessment of the impact from deliberate introduction of aquarium
fish into freshwater ecosystem has been conducted.
30.
◊ Has your country undertaken measures to prevent the introduction
of, control or eradicate, those alien species which threaten
ecosystems, habitats or species?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under consideration
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures to prevent the introduction of,
control or eradicate those alien species that threaten ecosystems,
habitats or species.
Prevention controls are in place by law (Quarantine Act 1948, Animals
Diseases and Import Act 1981. amended 1999, Plant Protection Act
1996). Environmental health inspectors routinely enforce these
regulations at the Port of entries. Aircrafts to and from the
Seychelles are sprayed with insecticides to mitigate the risk of
IAS’s.
Solid waste from ships and aircrafts are collected separately however
not treated before disposal.
A National Invasive Species Committee oversees all IAS management in
the country.
Eradication of alien species particularly for plants has been more
difficult. Certain invasive plants have taken over a greater part of
the granitic islands. This is particularly the case for vines and
creepers particularly Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifudum),
Lalianne d'argent, Thumbergia and water lettuce (Pista Statoites).
There are distributed actions to control these plants and sometimes
clean up exercises are conducted at selected locations. There have
been measures to control invasive woody plants e.g. Albizia (Paraserianthes
falcataria). However the resources available are not adequate to
completely eliminate the problem.
30.
◊ In dealing with the issue of invasive species, has your country
developed, or involved itself in, mechanisms for international
cooperation, including the exchange of best practices? (decision
V/8)
a.
No
b.
Yes, bilateral cooperation
x
c.
Yes, regional and/or subregional cooperation
X
d.
Yes, multilateral cooperation
x
30.
◊ Is your country using the ecosystem approach and precautionary
and bio-geographical approaches as appropriate in its work on
alien invasive species? (decision V/8)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
x
Further comments on the use of the ecosystem approach and
precautionary and bio-geographical approaches in work on alien
invasive species.
Bio-geographical approach is very relevant to the Seychelles since it
is an archipelago comprising of many islands. This means that the
spreading of invasive species can be contained. A project under
development will aim to develop a National Alien Species Strategy
using the ecosystem and precautionary approach.
30.
Has your country identified national needs and priorities for the
implementation of the Guiding Principles? (decision VI/23)
a.
No
b.
No, but needs and priorities are being identified
X
c.
Yes, national needs and priorities have been identified (please
provide below a list of needs and priorities identified)
Further comments on the identification of national needs and
priorities for the implementation of the Guiding Principles.
The guiding principle is integrated into national needs and priorities
as part of the EMPS and sector plans. There is no particular plan to
implement specifically the guiding principles.
30.
Has your country created mechanisms to coordinate national
programmes for applying the Guiding Principles? (decision VI/23)
a.
No
b.
No, but mechanisms are under development
x
c.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please provide details below)
Further comments on the mechanisms created to coordinate national
programmes for implementing the Guiding Principles.
The Biosecurity project will implement key facets of the guiding
principles including the Precautionary approach; Ecosystem approach;
Research and monitoring; Education and public awareness; Border
control and quarantine measures; Exchange of information; Cooperation
and capacity-building; 10 Intentional and Unintentional introductions;
Mitigation of impacts, Eradication; Containment and Control.
The Seychelles is party to the International Plant Protection
Convention (IPPC) and has established the Plant Protection Section as
the National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO) under the
convention. The plant protection section undertakes import and export
clearances for plants and plant products in accordance to elements of
the Guiding principles.
30.
Has your country reviewed relevant policies, legislation and
institutions in the light of the Guiding Principles, and adjusted
or developed policies, legislation and institutions? (decision
VI/23)
a.
No
b.
No, but review under way
c.
Yes, review completed and adjustment proposed (please provide
details below)
x
d.
Yes, adjustment and development ongoing
e.
Yes, some adjustments and development completed (please provide
details below)
Further information on the review, adjustment or development of
policies, legislation and institutions in light of the Guiding
Principles.
Will be undertaken under the Biosecurity Project. See Q 56 below.
30.
Is your country enhancing cooperation between various sectors in
order to improve prevention, early detection, eradication and/or
control of invasive alien species? (decision VI/23)
a.
No
b.
No, but potential coordination mechanisms are under consideration
c.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please provide details below)
x
Further comments on cooperation between various sectors.
Mechanisms exist between the Department of Environment, the Plant
Protection Section of the Department of Natural Resources, the
Seychelles Aviation Authority and the Port Authority.
30.
Is your country collaborating with trading partners and
neighboring countries to address threats of invasive alien species
to biodiversity in ecosystems that cross international boundaries?
(decision VI/23)
a.
No
b.
Yes, relevant collaborative programmes are under development
X
c.
Yes, relevant programmes are in place (please specify below the
measures taken for this purpose)
Further comments on collaboration with trading partners and
neighboring countries.
The Seychelles’ huge EEZ means that marine alien species can easily be
introduced. Measures were undertaken with respect to ballast sea water
and currently ships are not allowed to discharge ballast water in
close proximity to the islands. The Seychelles acceded to the
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships'
Ballast Water and Sediments, which aims to prevent the spread of
aquatic invasive alien organisms.
30.
Is your country developing capacity to use risk assessment to
address threats of invasive alien species to biodiversity and
incorporate such methodologies in environmental impact assessment
(EIA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA)? (decision
VI/23)
a.
No
b.
No, but programmes for this purpose are under development
X
c.
Yes, some activities for developing capacity in this field are
being undertaken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive activities are being undertaken (please provide
details below)
Further information on capacity development to address threats of
invasive alien species.
At the moment there has not been significant work in ascertaining the
risk for potential new IAS in the country.
30.
Has your country developed financial measures and other policies
and tools to promote activities to reduce the threats of invasive
species? (decision VI/23)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant measures and policies are under development
c.
Yes, some measures, policies and tools are in place (please
provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures and tools are in place (please provide
details below)
Further comments on the development of financial measures and other
policies and tools for the promotion of activities to reduce the
threats of invasive species.
Activities to control invasive species are in the current Environment
Management Plan of Seychelles and financial resources were made
available by Government and other donors. However resources are
insufficient to completely eradicate certain problematic species. A
number of successful attempts were achieved by NGO’s and private
island owners in the eradication of cats and rats on specific islands.
Article 8(j) - Traditional knowledge and related provisions
GURTS
30.
Has your country created and developed capacity-building
programmes to involve and enable smallholder farmers, indigenous
and local communities, and other relevant stakeholders to
effectively participate in decision-making processes related to
genetic use restriction technologies?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some programmes are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on capacity-building programmes to involve and enable
smallholder farmers, indigenous and local communities and other
relevant stakeholders to effectively participate in decision-making
processes related to GURTs.
Not applicable
Status and Trends
30.
Has your country supported indigenous and local communities in
undertaking field studies to determine the status, trends and
threats related to the knowledge, innovations and practices of
indigenous and local communities? (decision VII/16)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but support to relevant studies is being considered
c.
Yes (please provide information on the studies undertaken)
Further information on the studies undertaken to determine the status,
trends and threats related to the knowledge, innovations and practices
of indigenous and local communities, and priority actions identified.
Not applicable
Akwé:Kon Guidelines
30.
Has your country initiated a legal and institutional review of
matters related to cultural, environmental and social impact
assessment, with a view to incorporating the Akwé:Kon Guidelines
into national legislation, policies, and procedures?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but review is under way
c.
Yes, a review undertaken (please provide details on the review)
Further information on the review.
Not applicable
30.
Has your country used the Akwé:Kon Guidelines in any project
proposed to take place on sacred sites and/or land and waters
traditionally occupied by indigenous and local communities?
(decision VII/16)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but a review of the Akwé: Kon guidelines is under way
c.
Yes, to some extent (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, to a significant extent (please provide details below)
Further information on the projects where the Akwé:Kon Guidelines are
applied.
Not applicable
Capacity Building and Participation of Indigenous and Local
Communities
30.
Has your country undertaken any measures to enhance and strengthen
the capacity of indigenous and local communities to be effectively
involved in decision-making related to the use of their
traditional knowledge, innovations and practices relevant to the
conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity? (decision V/16)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes being developed
c.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures taken (please provide details below)
Further information on the measures to enhance and strengthen the
capacity of indigenous and local communities.
There have been activities carried out with respect to Medicinal
plants of the Seychelles. Television documentaries with interviews of
practitioners were carried out. Books have been written on the
subject.
30.
Has your country developed appropriate mechanisms, guidelines,
legislation or other initiatives to foster and promote the
effective participation of indigenous and local communities in
decision making, policy planning and development and
implementation of the conservation and sustainable use of
biodiversity at international, regional, subregional, national and
local levels? (decision V/16)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but relevant mechanisms, guidelines and legislation are under
development
c.
Yes, some mechanisms, guidelines and legislation are in place
(please provide details below)
Further information on the mechanisms, guidelines and legislation
developed.
Not Applicable
30.
Has your country developed mechanisms for promoting the full and
effective participation of indigenous and local communities with
specific provisions for the full, active and effective
participation of women in all elements of the programme of work?
(decision V/16, annex)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant mechanisms are being developed
X
c.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please provide details below)
Further comments on the mechanisms for promoting the full and
effective participation of women of indigenous and local communities
in all elements of the programme of work.
There is a Gender work programme under the EMPS 2000-2010 which aims
to strengthen the role of women in environmental management. The
objectives under this programme are to increase the number of
professional women in environmental fields and promote cottage
industries. There are now in Seychelles a high number of women working
in the field of environment.
Support to implementation
30.
Has your country established national, subregional and/or regional
indigenous and local community biodiversity advisory committees?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but relevant work is under way
c.
Yes
30.
Has your country assisted indigenous and local community
organizations to hold regional meetings to discuss the outcomes of
the decisions of the Conference of the Parties and to prepare for
meetings under the Convention?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes (please provide details about the outcome of meetings)
Further information on the outcome of regional meetings.
Not Applicable
30.
Has your country supported, financially and otherwise, indigenous
and local communities in formulating their own community
development and biodiversity conservation plans that will enable
such communities to adopt a culturally appropriate strategic,
integrated and phased approach to their development needs in line
with community goals and objectives?
a.
No
b.
Yes, to some extent (please provide details below)
X
c.
Yes, to a significant extent (please provide details below)
Further information on the support provided.
Communities are supported through Government budget to formulate and
implement district management plans.
Article 9 - Ex-situ conservation
30.
◊ On Article 9(a) and (b), has your country adopted measures for
the ex-situ conservation of components of biological diversity
native to your country and originating outside your country?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures adopted for the ex-situ
conservation of components of biodiversity native to your country and
originating outside your country.
The Barbarons Biodiversity centre and Botanical Gardens is the main
centre for ex-situ plant management in the Country. There has been
several translocation programmes, involving endangered species from
one island to another. There has been little focus on maintaining ex
situ conservation on species originating outside of the country.
30.
◊ On Article 9(c), has your country adopted measures for the
reintroduction of threatened species into their natural habitats
under appropriate conditions?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
X
Further comments on the measures for the reintroduction of threatened
species into their natural habitats under appropriate conditions.
There have been several programmes on Curieuse for the re-introduction
of tortoises through captive breeding programme. Similarly the Nature
Protection Trust of Seychelles carries out similar work on Silhouette.
Several plant species have been reintroduced on islands as part of
island restoration programmes.
30.
◊ On Article 9(d), has your country taken measures to regulate and
manage the collection of biological resources from natural
habitats for ex-situ conservation purposes so as not to threaten
ecosystems and in-situ populations of species?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures to regulate and manage the
collection of biological resources from natural habitats for ex-situ
conservation purposes so as not to threaten ecosystems and in-situ
populations of species.
The competent authority is the Department of Environment who regulates
and manages conservation programmmes in the country. Permission is
sought from the Department particularly for species regulated by law.
All environmental research requires a license and all research
applications are submitted to the EMPS Steering Committee.
Additionally the Plant protection Act provides for the control of the
import of plants and plant products into the country and establishes
provisions for inspections of goods and persons.
Article 10 - Sustainable use of components of biological diversity
30.
◊ On Article 10(a), has your country integrated consideration of
the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources into
national decision-making?
a.
No
b.
No, but steps are being taken
c.
Yes, in some relevant sectors (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, in most relevant sectors (please provide details below)
X
Further information on integrating consideration of conservation and
sustainable use of biological resources into national decision-making.
The main vehicle for protection of biodiversity in Seychelles is
through the Environment Protection Act - EIA regulation. This creates
the main mechanism for mainstreaming conservation and sustainable use
into the national decision making process. The Ministry of Environment
has a strong voice in the planning authority.
Conservation and Sustainable use of biodiversity is mainstreamed in
various Department policy documents, namely the EMPS, Fisheries
policy, Tourism & eco-tourism policy.
30.
◊ On Article 10(b), has your country adopted measures relating to
the use of biological resources that avoid or minimize adverse
impacts on biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures adopted relating to the use of
biological resources that avoid or minimize adverse impacts on
biological diversity.
The harvesting of sooty tern eggs is carried out in such a way as to
minimize adverse impact on the population. Only certain islands are
chosen and harvesting is done on a portion of the island with the
other half set aside as reserve.
30.
◊ On Article 10(c), has your country put in place measures that
protect and encourage customary use of biological resources that
is compatible with conservation or sustainable use requirements?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures that protect and encourage
customary use of biological resources that is compatible with
conservation or sustainable use requirements.
Consumption of sooty tern eggs is traditionally carried out. The
Department of Environment with assistance of Island Development
Company (IDC) demarcates special areas on islands designated for
harvesting the collection of eggs once a year allowing for sustainable
harvesting. The authorities also actively monitor against poaching and
illegal harvesting.
30.
◊ On Article 10(d), has your country put in place measures that
help local populations develop and implement remedial action in
degraded areas where biological diversity has been reduced?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
X
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures that help local populations
develop and implement remedial action in degraded areas where
biodiversity has been reduced.
There are a number of environmental groups involved in remedial action
of degraded areas.
Communities and school children participate with relevant agencies in
works to restore degraded areas around the country.
30.
◊ Has your country identified indicators and incentive measures
for sectors relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of
biodiversity? (decision V/24)
a.
No
b.
No, but assessment of potential indicators and incentive measures
is under way
X
c.
Yes, indicators and incentive measures identified (please describe
below)
x
Further comments on the identification of indicators and incentive
measures for sectors relevant to the conservation and sustainable use
of biodiversity.
The Environment Trust Fund (ETF) is a financial incentive for sectors
relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
30.
◊ Has your country implemented sustainable use practices,
programmes and policies for the sustainable use of biological
diversity, especially in pursuit of poverty alleviation? (decision
V/24)
a.
No
b.
No, but potential practices, programmes and policies are under
review
c.
Yes, some policies and programmes are in place (please provide
details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive policies and programmes are in place (please
provide details below)
Further information on sustainable use programmes and policies.
Fisheries policy relating to ban on drift nets, size of traps leads to
conservation and sustainable use of fish species. The Seychelles
Fishing Authority issues license quotas (by boats) on sea cucumbers
and currently there are 25 active licenses. Furthermore all sea
cucumber fishermen are required to register their catch with the
Seychelles Fishing Authority. Sea cucumber processors can only buy
from licensed fishers under their licensing condition. For each sale,
the seller and the buyer have to complete a form stating the amount of
sea cucumbers in the transaction, which is then submitted to the SFA.
This information helps the authority check the sale against the catch
declared by the fishers and exports by the processors.
The Forestry Section of the Department of Environment undertakes tree
planting activities and oversees the sustainable harvesting of trees
on state land.
30.
◊ Has your country developed or explored mechanisms to involve the
private sector in initiatives on the sustainable use of
biodiversity? (decision V/24)
a.
No
b.
No, but mechanisms are under development
c.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please describe below)
X
Further comments on the development of mechanisms to involve the
private sector in initiatives on the sustainable use of biodiversity.
The management of private islands of the Seychelles have taken certain
key initiatives in sustainable use of biodiversity e.g. Bird island.
30.
Has your country initiated a process to apply the Addis Ababa
Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity?
(decision VII/12)
a.
No
b.
No, but the principles and guidelines are under review
X
c.
Yes, a process is being planned
d.
Yes, a process has been initiated (please provide detailed
information)
Further information on the process to apply the Addis Ababa Principles
and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity.
The guidelines will be better integrated into the biodiversity
programme under the new EMPS 2011-2010.
30.
Has your country taken any initiative or action to develop and
transfer technologies and provide financial resources to assist in
the application of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for
the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity? (decision VII/12)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some technologies developed and transferred and limited
financial resources provided (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, many technologies developed and transferred and significant
financial resources provided (please provide details below)
Further comments on the development and transfer of technologies and
provision of financial resources to assist in the application of the
Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of
Biodiversity.
Biodiversity and Tourism
30.
◊ Has your country established mechanisms to assess, monitor and
measure the impact of tourism on biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but mechanisms are under development
c.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please specify below)
X
d.
Yes, existing mechanisms are under review
Further comments on the establishment of mechanisms to assess, monitor
and measure the impact of tourism on biodiversity.
Seychelles has a well developed tourism infrastructure. There has not
been any study carried out on the impact of tourism activities on
biodiversity, however various ways and means were developed to
integrate biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in this
sector.
A sector report entitled “Integrating Biodiversity in the Tourism
Sector; A case study on the Republic Of Seychelles” was completed in
2001. Beside this, the following are important institutional
mechanisms for ongoing prevention, monitoring and assessment of
adverse impacts on biodiversity of tourism related activities.
EMPS 2000-2010
The EMPS itself through its support programmes provides the framework
for assessing the impact of tourism on biodiversity. The Thematic Area
“Tourism and Aesthetics” has as management priorities;
- Develop and implement national eco-tourism policies, codes of
conduct and products.
- Limit and control the negative impact of tourism on the environment.
- Limit natural resource consumption and encourage cleaner production
in tourism establishments.
- Develop and strengthen institutional capacity to assist in improving
tourism environmental management.
Tourism Master Plan (Vision 21)
The tourism sector has its own Master plan which links closely with
environmental management for tourism development. The Plan makes
repeated reference to the necessity of sound environmental planning so
as:
- not to generate any serious environmental problems.
- to determine and not exceed carrying capacities of resorts and
tourist sites.
- to give utmost consideration to continuing and expanding application
of environmental protection measures to protected areas and the
environment in general.
- to develop and promote ecotourism and nature/adventure tourism
(diving, yachting,
fishing etc….) in order to expand the tourist market and encourage
environmental conservation, by imbuing value to the resource.
- the tourism plan makes frequent reference to the NBSAP and EMPS
2000-2010 and states that it is imperative that they be implemented.
EIA regulations and Monitoring
The Department of Environment not only enforces the requirement for
EIA in connection to developments but also assumes a monitoring role
to ensure that proponents remain within the ambit of their approved
development plan. The environment around tourism developments
particularly those built in sensitive areas e.g. close to marine
parks, are continually monitored by various agencies including the
Marine and National Parks Authority.
30.
◊ Has your country provided educational and training programmes to
the tourism operators so as to increase their awareness of the
impacts of tourism on biodiversity and upgrade the technical
capacity at the local level to minimize the impacts? (decision
V/25)
a.
No
b.
No, but programmes are under development
X
c.
Yes, programmes are in place (please describe below)
Further comments on educational and training programmes provided to
tourism operators.
The tourism operators in the country have a high level of
environmental awareness in view that their business depends heavily on
the environment. Environmental issues is quite prevalent in the local
media particularly television spots and newspaper articles and
therefore environmental awareness of the population is quite high.
30.
Does your country provide indigenous and local communities with
capacity-building and financial resources to support their
participation in tourism policy-making, development planning,
product development and management? (decision VII/14)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant programmes are being considered
c.
Yes, some programmes are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments in the capacity-building and financial resources
provided to indigenous and local communities to support their
participation in tourism policy-making, development planning, product
development and management.
The input of the local community is currently through the EIA process
where the opportunity to influence development is available. There are
no particular financial resources made available to support community
participation in tourism policy.
30.
Has your country integrated the Guidelines on Biodiversity and
Tourism Development in the development or review of national
strategies and plans for tourism development, national
biodiversity strategies and actions plans, and other related
sectoral strategies? (decision VII/14)
a.
No, but the guidelines are under review
b.
No, but a plan is under consideration to integrate some principles
of the guidelines into relevant strategies
c.
Yes, a few principles of the guidelines are integrated into some
sectoral plans and NBSAPs (please specify which principle and
sector)
d.
Yes, many principles of the guidelines are integrated into some
sectoral plans and NBSAPs (please specify which principle and
sector)
X
Further information on the sectors where the principles of the
Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development are integrated.
See 79 above. The guidelines have been incorporated in the Tourism
Policy (Vision 21) 2002 and Ecotourism strategy (2003). The policy and
strategy shares a vision that “Tourism in Seychelles shall continue to
be developed to the highest standards for the optimum social and
economic benefit of the Seychellois people while maintaining a
commitment to the protection and conservation of the natural
environment and biodiversity”.
The strategy incorporates key elements of the guidelines on
Biodiversity and Tourism Development and highlights the need for
compilation of baseline information, goal setting, and developing
capacity, education and awareness.
However, certain elements of the guidelines are not represented in the
strategy e.g. monitoring of impacts and reporting.
Article 11 - Incentive measures
30.
◊ Has your country established programmes to identify and adopt
economically and socially sound measures that act as incentives
for the conservation and sustainable use of components of
biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some programmes are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the programmes to identify and adopt incentives
for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
Environment Trust Fund provides funding for environmental projects.
Financial rewards were given as incentives to control exotic invasives
such as crows, as well as rats. These measures impacted positively on
conservation efforts.
30.
◊ Has your country developed the mechanisms or approaches to
ensure adequate incorporation of both market and non-market values
of biological diversity into relevant plans, policies and
programmes and other relevant areas? (decisions III/18 and IV/10)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant mechanisms are under development
X
c.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, review of impact of mechanisms available (please provide
details below)
Further comments on the mechanism or approaches to incorporate market
and non-market values of biodiversity into relevant plans, policies
and programmes.
Both market and non market values of biological diversity are
incorporated into the EMPS in relation to incentive measures. The EMPS
thematic area of “Environmental Economics, Mainstreaming and
Sustainable Financing” includes economic valuation of biodiversity and
capacity building for economic evaluation and legislating Economic
Assessment (EA) into EIA process. EMPS activities in relation to
capacity building and legislating EA, have so far not been
implemented.
30.
◊ Has your country developed training and capacity-building
programmes to implement incentive measures and promote
private-sector initiatives? (decision III/18)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some programmes are in place
d.
Yes, many programmes are in place
30.
Does your country take into consideration the proposals for the
design and implementation of incentive measures as contained in
Annex I to decision VI/15 when designing and implementing incentive
measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity?
(decision VI/15)
a.
No
X
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further information on the proposals considered when designing and
implementing the incentive measures for the conservation and
sustainable use of biodiversity.
30.
Has your country made any progress in removing or mitigating
policies or practices that generate perverse incentives for the
conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity?
(decision VII/18)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but identification of such policies and practices is under way
c.
Yes, relevant policies and practices identified but not entirely
removed or mitigated (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, relevant policies and practices identified and removed or
mitigated (please provide details below)
Further information on perverse incentives identified and/or removed
or mitigated.
No policies were in place to generate perverse incentives for
biodiversity.
Article 12 - Research and training
30.
◊ On Article 12(a), has your country established programmes for
scientific and technical education and training in measures for
the identification, conservation and sustainable use of biological
diversity and its components?
a.
No
b.
No, but programmes are under development
c.
Yes, programmes are in place (please provide details below)
X
Further information on the programmes for scientific and technical
education and training in the measures for identification,
conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
The Seychelles Centre for Marine Research and Technology (SCMRT) is
the main marine research agency. The Seychelles Bureau of Standards in
collaboration with partner Ministries remains the main institution to
conduct and approve research in the Seychelles.
30.
◊ On Article 12(b), does your country promote and encourage
research which contributes to the conservation and sustainable use
of biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further information on the research which contributes to the
conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
The Seychelles Centre for Marine Research & Technology and Marine Park
Authority (SCMRT-MPA) are mandated with carrying out scientific marine
research and training. The Seychelles Fishing Authority also carries
out research on selected species. NGO’s also participate in research
with collaboration from overseas research institutions.
There has been significant research conducted on biodiversity of
Seychelles and new applications are continually being received. The
results of research assist greatly with conservation measures.
30.
◊ On Article 12(c), does your country promote and cooperate in the
use of scientific advances in biological diversity research in
developing methods for conservation and sustainable use of
biological resources?
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further information on the use of scientific advances in biodiversity
research in developing methods for conservation and sustainable use of
biodiversity.
The country welcomes the use of scientific advances in biological
diversity research and continues to attract top researchers.
Article 13 - Public education and awareness
30.
Is your country implementing a communication, education and public
awareness strategy and promoting public participation in support
of the Convention? (Goal 4.1 of the Strategic Plan)
a.
No
b.
No, but a CEPA strategy is under development
c.
Yes, a CEPA strategy developed and public participation promoted
to a limited extent (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, a CEPA strategy developed and public participation promoted
to a significant extent (please provide details below)
Further comments on the implementation of a CEPA strategy and the
promotion of public participation in support of the Convention.
There is no CEPA that relates specifically to the Convention.
Education Information and Communication is given attention as a cross
cutting theme in the Environment Management Plan of Seychelles. The
education and public awareness requirements of the convention are
achieved through the implementation of a general environmental
communication strategy for the country.
The mandate for this overall communication strategy rests with the
Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Transport which
coordinates, education and public awareness of environmental topics
through a specialized Education, Information and Communications (EIC)
section. The section specializes in information dissemination
communication and education.
The section also liaises closely with the Ministry of Education where
environmental education is very active at school level. The
environmental education unit within the Ministry of Education
mainstream environmental education in the school curricula.
The means of distribution of environmental awareness is mainly through
television, radio and newspaper articles. However there has been
increased dissemination through the Ministry of Environment website
and through emails issued by the EMPS secretariat. Several NGO’s have
their own leaflets, internet website and blogs.
30.
Is your country undertaking any activities to facilitate the
implementation of the programme of work on Communication,
Education and Public Awareness as contained in the annex to
decision VI/19? (decision VI/19)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some activities are being undertaken (please provide details
below)
X
d.
Yes, many activities are being undertaken (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the activities to facilitate the implementation of
the programme of work on CEPA.
See 91 above. Updating of the EMPS website so as to give better
information on projects and publications (programme element 1)
30.
Is your country strongly and effectively promoting
biodiversity-related issues through the press, the various media
and public relations and communications networks at national
level? (decision VI/19)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, to a limited extent (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, to a significant extent (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the promotion of biodiversity-related issues
through the press, the various media and public relations and
communications networks at national level.
See 91 above
30.
Does your country promote the communication, education and public
awareness of biodiversity at the local level? (decision VI/19)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further information on the efforts to promote the communication,
education and public awareness of biodiversity at the local level.
Communication strategies are significantly implemented at the national
level. There have been special programmes focusing on biodiversity of
selected islands and districts.
30.
Is your country supporting national, regional and international
activities prioritized by the Global Initiative on Education and
Public Awareness? (decision VI/19)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some activities supported (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, many activities supported (please provide details below)
Further comments on the support of national, regional and
international activities prioritized by the Global Initiative on
Education and Public Awareness.
The Country is supporting national, regional and international
activities with respect to education and awareness which reflects the
Global Initiative. This relates to development of biodiversity
clearing house mechanism which is accordance to programme element 1.
Significant training and capacity building has been carried out in
accordance to the GIEPA programme element 3 and implemented mostly at
school level through Wildlife clubs in collaboration with
Environmental Education Section. The Seychelles also hosts the annual
underwater festival (SUBIOS) which raises awareness on components of
marine biodiversity. Several documentaries have been produced in
support of programme element 3 (exchange of knowledge and expertise).
30.
Has your country developed adequate capacity to deliver
initiatives on communication, education and public awareness?
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some programmes are being implemented (please provide details
below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes are being implemented (please
provide details below)
Further comments on the development of adequate capacity to deliver
initiatives on communication, education and public awareness.
As 92 above. Being a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), resources
(capacity and financial) are sometimes not available to sustain these
programmes. Capacity building in relation to communication education
and public awareness are not effectively integrated in the Department
of Environment training plan.
30.
Does your country promote cooperation and exchange programmes for
biodiversity education and awareness at the national, regional and
international levels? (decisions IV /10 and VI/19)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the promotion of cooperation and exchange
programmes for biodiversity education and awareness, at the national,
regional and international levels.
The Country promotes cooperation and exchange programmes for
biodiversity education and awareness through collaboration with
foreign research institutions. The Global Vision International (GVI)
programme includes good exchange programme involving young researchers
from around the world working in collaboration with SCMRT-MPA.
30.
Is your country undertaking some CEPA activities for
implementation of cross-cutting issues and thematic programmes of
work adopted under the Convention?
a.
No (please specify reasons below)
b.
Yes, some activities undertaken for some issues and thematic areas
(please provide details below)
c.
Yes, many activities undertaken for most issues and thematic areas
(please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive activities undertaken for all issues and
thematic areas (please provide details below)
Further comments on the CEPA activities for implementation of
cross-cutting issues and thematic programmes of work adopted under the
Convention.
The country undertakes CEPA activities for all elements of
environmental protection ranging from all thematic programmes of work.
30.
◊ Does your country support initiatives by major groups, key
actors and stakeholders that integrate biological diversity
conservation matters in their practice and education programmes as
well as into their relevant sectoral and cross-sectoral plans,
programmes and policies? (decision IV/10 and Goal 4.4 of the
Strategic Plan)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the initiatives by major groups, key actors and
stakeholders that integrate biodiversity conservation in their
practice and education programmes as well as their relevant sectoral
and cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.
The country has actively supported adoption and maintenance of areas
by developers in order to integrate conservation and education
programmes.
30.
Is your country communicating the various elements of the 2010
biodiversity target and establishing appropriate linkages to the
Decade on Education for Sustainable Development in the
implementation of your national CEPA programmes and activities?
(decision VII/24)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
X
c.
Yes, some programmes developed and activities undertaken for this
purpose (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes developed and many activities
undertaken for this purpose (please provide details below)
Further comments on the communication of the various elements of the
2010 biodiversity target and the establishment of linkages to the
Decade on Education for Sustainable Development.
Article 14 - Impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts
30.
◊ On Article 14.1(a), has your country developed legislation
requiring an environmental impact assessment of proposed projects
likely to have adverse effects on biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, legislation is still in early stages of development
c.
No, but legislation is in advanced stages of development
d.
Yes, legislation is in place (please provide details below)
X
e.
Yes, review of implementation available (please provide details
below)
Further information on the legislation requiring EIA of proposed
projects likely to have adverse effects on biodiversity.
Environment Protection Act 1994 (EIA regulations) sets the legal
mandate for impact assessment for developments in the Seychelles.
30.
◊ On Article 14.1(b), has your country developed mechanisms to
ensure that due consideration is given to the environmental
consequences of national programmes and policies that are likely
to have significant adverse impacts on biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, mechanisms are still in early stages of development
c.
No, but mechanisms are in advanced stages of development
d.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the mechanisms developed to ensure that due
consideration is given to the environmental consequences of national
programmes and policies that are likely to have significant adverse
impacts on biodiversity.
EMPS is the main instrument to mainstream environmental matters
including biodiversity into national programmes and policies.
30.
◊ On Article 14.1(c), is your country implementing bilateral,
regional and/or multilateral agreements on activities likely to
significantly affect biological diversity outside your country’s
jurisdiction?
a.
No
b.
No, but assessment of options is in progress
c.
Yes, some completed, others in progress (please provide details
below)
X
d.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further information on the bilateral, regional and/or multilateral
agreements on activities likely to significantly affect biodiversity
outside your country’s jurisdiction.
MOU for turtles (IOSEA)
30.
◊ On Article 14.1(d), has your country put mechanisms in place to
prevent or minimize danger or damage originating in your territory
to biological diversity in the territory of other Parties or in
areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction?
a.
No
b.
No, mechanisms are still in early stages of development
c.
No, but mechanisms are in advanced stages of development
d.
Yes, mechanisms are in place based on current scientific knowledge
X
30.
◊ On Article 14.1(e), has your country established national mechanisms
for emergency response to activities or events which present a
grave and imminent danger to biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, mechanisms are still in early stages of development
c.
No, but mechanisms are in advanced stages of development
d.
Yes, mechanisms are in place (please provide details below)
X
Further information on national mechanisms for emergency response to
the activities or events which present a grave and imminent danger to
biodiversity.
A Department of Risk and Disaster Management (DRDM) was setup soon
after the Tsunami event of 2004. DRDM has undertaken several risk
assessments.
Fire breaks are routinely maintained by Forestry workers who are well
trained and equipped.
A “green line” telephone number is available for the public to report
any activity which is likely to affect, or is affecting biodiversity.
There have been several instances where this has proved instrumental
in dealing with poaching activities and forest fires.
30.
Is your country applying the Guidelines for Incorporating
Biodiversity-related Issues into Environment-Impact-Assessment
Legislation or Processes and in Strategic Impact Assessment as
contained in the annex to decision VI/7 in the context of the
implementation of paragraph 1 of Article 14? (decision VI/7)
a.
No
b.
No, but application of the guidelines under consideration
c.
Yes, some aspects being applied (please specify below)
d.
Yes, major aspects being applied (please specify below)
X
Further comments on application of the guidelines.
The EIA Regulations uses the guidelines of the annex to decision VI/7
to the full extent. All projects are screened for either a class 1 or
a class 2 EIA. The TOR of the EIA is given to the proponent who
undertakes scoping followed by an Impacts Assessment. The assessment
contains mitigative measures and monitoring aspects. The Authority
performs monitoring of the development to ensure that it remains
within the conditions of the EIA and any other conditions imposed by
the Authority. These procedures are in line with the guideline as
annexed to decision VI/7.
30.
On Article 14 (2), has your country put in place national
legislative, administrative or policy measures regarding liability
and redress for damage to biological diversity? (decision VI/11)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please specify the measures)
X
Further comments on national legislative, administrative or policy
measures regarding liability and redress for damage to biological
diversity.
Seychelles is a signatory to the Protocol on Liability of the Basel
Convention. Liability for redress is yet to be integrated into
national legislation. There are penalties under the law for offences
relating to damage to biological diversity, most notably to pollution
but these are not structured in terms of liability for damage. There
is weakness in the field of “Environment Economics” for which capacity
is limited and thus difficult to translate environmental damage into
costs which can be used in court of law.
30.
Has your country put in place any measures to prevent damage to
biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but some measures are being developed
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
X
Further information on the measures in place to prevent damage to
biological diversity.
The following are measure currently in place
*
Fire breaks on main islands
*
Staff trained to combat mountain fires
*
Measures against Invasive Alien species.
*
Forest Management Plan
*
Disaster Response plan.
*
Legislation and enforcement against poachers, arsonists.
30.
Is your country cooperating with other Parties to strengthen
capacities at the national level for the prevention of damage to
biodiversity, establishment and implementation of national
legislative regimes, policy and administrative measures on
liability and redress? (decision VI/11)
a.
No
b.
No, but cooperation is under consideration
X
c.
No, but cooperative programmes are under development
d.
Yes, some cooperative activities being undertaken (please provide
details below)
e.
Yes, comprehensive cooperative activities being undertaken (please
provide details below)
Further comments on cooperation with other Parties to strengthen
capacities for the prevention of damage to biodiversity.
Cooperation under SADC regional strategy, Nairobi Convention and
related protocols.
Article 15 - Access to genetic resources
30.
◊ Has your country endeavored to facilitate access to genetic
resources for environmentally sound uses by other Parties, on the
basis of prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms, in
accordance with paragraphs 2, 4 and 5 of Article 15?
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further information on the efforts taken by your country to facilitate
access to genetic resources for environmentally sound uses by other
Parties, on the basis of prior informed consent and mutually agreed
terms.
An application process is available for all research in the Seychelles
approved by the authorities. A Bill on Access to Benefit Sharing is
being developed which will cover all aspect of access to genetic
resources including prior informed consent.
30.
◊ Has your country taken measures to ensure that any scientific
research based on genetic resources provided by other Parties is
developed and carried out with the full participation of such
Parties, in accordance with Article 15(6)?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures to ensure that any scientific
research based on genetic resources provided by other Contracting
Parties is developed and carried out with the full participation of
such Contracting Parties.
This component is to be addressed in the ABS Bill
30.
◊ Has your country taken measures to ensure the fair and equitable
sharing of the results of research and development and of the
benefits arising from the commercial and other use of genetic
resources with any Contracting Party providing such resources, in
accordance with Article 15(7)?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
X
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive legislation is in place (please provide details
below)
e.
Yes, comprehensive statutory policy or subsidiary legislation are
in place (please provide details below)
f.
Yes, comprehensive policy and administrative measures are in place
(please provide details below)
Further information on the type of measures taken.
A Material Transfer Agreement is in place for transfer of genetic
materials. The ABS bill will cover all aspect of fair and equitable
sharing including the setting up of an authority to develop further
implementation arrangements.
30.
◊ In developing national measures to address access to genetic
resources and benefit-sharing, has your country taken into account
the multilateral system of access and benefit-sharing set out in
the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and
Agriculture?
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further information on national measures taken which consider the
multilateral system of access and benefit-sharing as set out in the
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and
Agriculture.
Seychelles acceded to the International Treaty for Plant Genetic
Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT PGRFA). The ABS Bill will be
developed in conformity to the multilateral system of access and
benefit sharing as per the IT PGRFA.
30.
Is your country using the Bonn Guidelines when developing and
drafting legislative, administrative or policy measures on access
and benefit-sharing and/or when negotiating contracts and other
arrangements under mutually agreed terms for access and
benefit-sharing? (decision VII/19A)
a.
No
b.
No, but steps being taken to do so (please provide details below)
c.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Please provide details and specify successes and constraints in the
implementation of the Bonn Guidelines.
Certain elements of the Bonn guidelines will be integrated in the ABS
Bill
30.
Has your country adopted national policies or measures, including
legislation, which address the role of intellectual property
rights in access and benefit-sharing arrangements (i.e. the issue
of disclosure of origin/source/legal provenance of genetic
resources in applications for intellectual property rights where
the subject matter of the application concerns, or makes use of,
genetic resources in its development)?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential policies or measures have been identified
(please specify below)
X
c.
No, but relevant policies or measures are under development
(please specify below)
d.
Yes, some policies or measures are in place (please specify below)
X
e.
Yes, comprehensive policies or measures adopted (please specify
below)
Further information on policies or measures that address the role of
IPR in access and benefit-sharing arrangements.
The issues will be covered under the ABS Bill.
Ownership of genetic materials is covered under the Material Transfer
Agreement (MTA).
30.
Has your country been involved in capacity-building activities
related to access and benefit-sharing?
a.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
b.
No
Please provide further information on capacity-building activities
(your involvement as donor or recipient, key actors involved, target
audience, time period, goals and objectives of the capacity-building
activities, main capacity-building areas covered, nature of
activities). Please also specify whether these activities took into
account the Action Plan on capacity-building for access and
benefit-sharing adopted at COP VII and available in annex to decision
VII/19F.
Certain capacity building activities were held.
Article 16 - Access to and transfer of technology
30.
◊ On Article 16(1), has your country taken measures to provide or
facilitate access for and transfer to other Parties of
technologies that are relevant to the conservation and sustainable
use of biological diversity or make use of genetic resources and
do not cause significant damage to the environment?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
X
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures to provide or facilitate access
for and transfer to other Parties of technologies that are relevant to
the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity or make use of
genetic resources and do not cause significant damage to the
environment.
Being a SIDS the Seychelles have not developed innovative technologies
that can be transferred to other parties. The Country has no
impediments to transfer technologies to other parties.
30.
◊ On Article 16(3), has your country taken measures so that
Parties which provide genetic resources are provided access to and
transfer of technology which make use of those resources, on
mutually agreed terms?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive legislation is in place
e.
Yes, comprehensive statutory policy or subsidiary legislation are
in place
f.
Yes, comprehensive policy and administrative arrangements are in
place
g.
Not applicable
30.
◊ On Article 16(4), has your country taken measures so that the
private sector facilitates access to joint development and
transfer of relevant technology for the benefit of Government
institutions and the private sector of developing countries?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
X
c.
Yes, some policies and measures are in place (please provide
details
below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive policies and measures are in place (please
provide details below)
e.
Not applicable
Further information on the measures taken.
Programme of Work on transfer of technology and technology cooperation
30.
Has your country provided financial and technical support and
training to assist in the implementation of the programme of work
on transfer of technology and technology cooperation? (decision
VII/29)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some programmes being implemented (please provide details
below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes being implemented (please provide
details below)
Further comments on the provision of financial and technical support
and training to assist in the implementation of the programme of work
on transfer of technology and technology cooperation.
30.
Is your country taking any measures to remove unnecessary
impediments to funding of multi-country initiatives for technology
transfer and for scientific and technical cooperation? (decision
VII/29)
a.
No
b.
No, but some measures being considered
X
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the measures to remove unnecessary impediments to
funding of multi-country initiatives for technology transfer and for
scientific and technical cooperation.
30.
Has your country made any technology assessments addressing
technology needs, opportunities and barriers in relevant sectors
as well as related needs in capacity building? (annex to decision
VII/29)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but assessments are under way
c.
Yes, basic assessments undertaken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, thorough assessments undertaken (please provide details
below)
Further comments on technology assessments addressing technology
needs, opportunities and barriers in relevant sectors as well as
related needs in capacity building.
30.
Has your country made any assessments and risk analysis of the
potential benefits, risks and associated costs with the
introduction of new technologies? (annex to decision VII/29)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but assessments are under way
c.
Yes, some assessments undertaken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive assessments undertaken (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the assessments and risk analysis of the potential
benefits, risks and associated costs with the introduction of new
technologies.
30.
Has your country identified and implemented any measures to
develop or strengthen appropriate information systems for
technology transfer and cooperation, including assessing capacity
building needs? (annex to decision VII/29)
a.
No
b.
No, but some programmes are under development
X
c.
Yes, some programmes are in place and being implemented (please
provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive programmes are being implemented (please
provide details below)
Further comments on measures to develop or strengthen appropriate
information systems for technology transfer and cooperation.
30.
Has your country taken any of the measures specified under Target
3.2 of the programme of work as a preparatory phase to the
development and implementation of national institutional,
administrative, legislative and policy frameworks to facilitate
cooperation as well as access to and adaptation of technologies of
relevance to the Convention? (annex to decision VII/29)
a.
No
b.
No, but a few measures being considered
X
c.
Yes, some measures taken (please specify below)
d.
Yes, many measures taken (please specify below)
Further comments on the measures taken as a preparatory phase to the
development and implementation of national institutional,
administrative, legislative and policy frameworks to facilitate
cooperation as well as access to and adaptation of technologies of
relevance to the Convention.
Article 17 - Exchange of information
30.
◊ On Article 17(1), has your country taken measures to facilitate
the exchange of information from publicly available sources with a
view to assist with the implementation of the Convention and
promote technical and scientific cooperation?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place
The following question (127) is for DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
30.
◊ On Article 17(1), do these measures take into account the
special needs of developing countries and include the categories
of information listed in Article 17(2), such as technical,
scientific and socio-economic research, training and surveying
programmes, specialized knowledge, repatriation of information and
so on?
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes, but they do not include the categories of information listed
in Article 17(2), such as technical, scientific and socio-economic
research, training and surveying programmes, specialized
knowledge, repatriation of information and so on
NA
c.
Yes, and they include categories of information listed in Article
17 (2), such as technical, scientific and socio-economic research,
training and surveying programmes, specialized knowledge,
repatriation of information and so on
NA
Article 18 - Technical and scientific cooperation
30.
◊ On Article 18(1), has your country taken measures to promote
international technical and scientific cooperation in the field of
conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further information on the measures to promote international technical
and scientific cooperation.
There are a number of agreements with international conservation
organizations, international research centers, academic institutions,
bilateral cooperation programme in the field of conservation of
biodiversity.
30.
◊ On Article 18(4), has your country encouraged and developed
methods of cooperation for the development and use of
technologies, including indigenous and traditional technologies,
in pursuance of the objectives of this Convention?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but relevant methods are under development
c.
Yes, methods are in place
30.
◊ On Article 18(5), has your country promoted the establishment of
joint research programmes and joint ventures for the development
of technologies relevant to the objectives of the Convention?
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide some examples below)
X
Examples for the establishment of joint research programmes and joint
ventures for the development of technologies relevant to the
objectives of the Convention.
Joint research programmes exists in the area of conservation research,
monitoring but not specifically for development of technologies.
30.
Has your country established links to non-governmental
organizations, private sector and other institutions holding
important databases or undertaking significant work on biological
diversity through the CHM? (decision V/14)
a.
No
b.
No, but coordination with relevant NGOs, private sector and other
institutions under way
c.
Yes, links established with relevant NGOs, private sector and
institutions
X
The following question (132) is for DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
30.
Has your country further developed the CHM to assist developing
countries and countries with economies in transition to gain
access to information in the field of scientific and technical
cooperation? (decision V/14)
a.
No
b.
Yes, by using funding opportunities
c.
Yes, by means of access to, and transfer of technology
d.
Yes, by using research cooperation facilities
e.
Yes, by using repatriation of information
f.
Yes, by using training opportunities
g.
Yes, by using promotion of contacts with relevant institutions,
organizations and the private sector
h.
Yes, by using other means (please specify below)
Further comments on CHM developments to assist developing countries
and countries with economies in transition to gain access to
information in the field of scientific and technical cooperation.
Not applicable.
30.
Has your country used CHM to make information available more
useful for researchers and decision-makers? (decision V/14)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant initiatives under consideration
c.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on development of relevant initiatives.
For decision making and biodiversity research purposes.
30.
Has your country developed, provided and shared services and tools
to enhance and facilitate the implementation of the CHM and
further improve synergies among biodiversity-related Conventions?
(decision V/14)
a.
No
X
b.
Yes (please specify services and tools below)
Further comments on services and tools to enhance and facilitate the
implementation of CHM and further improve synergies among
biodiversity-related Conventions.
Article 19 - Handling of biotechnology and distribution of its
benefits
30.
◊ On Article 19(1), has your country taken measures to provide for
the effective participation in biotechnological research
activities by those Contracting Parties which provide the genetic
resources for such research?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures are in place
d.
Yes, comprehensive legislation are in place
e.
Yes, comprehensive statutory policy and subsidiary legislation are
in place
f.
Yes, comprehensive policy and administrative measures are in place
30.
◊ On Article 19(2), has your country taken all practicable
measures to promote and advance priority access by Parties, on a
fair and equitable basis, to the results and benefits arising from
biotechnologies based upon genetic resources provided by those
Parties?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
X
c.
Yes, some measures are in place
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place
Article 20 – Financial resources
XLI.
Please describe for each of the following items the quantity of
financial resources, both internal and external, that have been
utilized, received or provided, as applicable, to implement the
Convention on Biological Diversity, on an annual basis, since your
country became a Party to the Convention.
a.
Budgetary allocations by national and local Governments as
well as different sectoral ministries
Government allocation of approximately USD 10 million per year
including solid and liquid waste management, fisheries, management
of protected areas, agricultural research and extension
programmes.
b.
Extra-budgetary resources (identified by donor agencies)
Under 7th EDF Euro 350,000 for waste management and Euro 700,000
specifically for biodiversity
8th EDF Euro 1.1million for melon fruit fly
9th EDF contribution Euro 3 million for solid waste management
programme.
c.
Bilateral channels (identified by donor agencies)
Bilateral cooperation and in kind benefits.
d.
Regional channels (identified by donor agencies)
Regional cooperation and in kind benefits.
e.
Multilateral channels (identified by donor agencies)
Multilateral cooperation and in kind benefits.
f.
Private sources (identified by donor agencies)
Through Environment Trust Fund (ETF). Figure for contribution to
biodiversity not available
g.
Resources generated through financial instruments, such as
charges for use of biodiversity
Nature parks and special reserves collect modest revenue from gate
fees and selling of resources e.g. Coco –de Mer. The revenue is
used for maintenance. For some e.g. Botanical Gardens the revenue
is channeled into the ETF
XLII.
Please describe in detail below any major financing programmes, such
as biodiversity trust funds or specific programmes that have been
established in your country.
The Environment Trust Fund chaired by the Minister for Environment
supports environmental projects and initiatives in the Seychelles.
30.
◊ On Article 20(1), has your country provided financial support
and incentives to those national activities that are intended to
achieve the objectives of the Convention?
a.
No
b.
Yes, incentives only (please provide a list of such incentives
below)
c.
Yes, financial support only
d.
Yes, financial support and incentives (please provide details
below)
X
Further comments on financial support and incentives provided.
Government through the Ministry of Environment provides financial
support to the Conservation Section for its work programme in
accordance to the objectives of the convention.
The next question (138) is for DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
30.
◊ On Article 20(2), has your country provided new and additional
financial resources to enable developing country Parties to meet
the agreed incremental costs to them of implementing measures
which fulfill the obligations of the Convention?
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes (please indicate the amount, on an annual basis, of new and
additional financial resources your country has provided)
Further comments on new and additional financial resources provided.
Not applicable
The next question (139) is for DEVELOPING COUNTRIES OR COUNTRIES WITH
ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION
30.
◊ On Article 20(2), has your country received new and additional
financial resources to enable it to meet the agreed full
incremental costs of implementing measures which fulfill the
obligations of the Convention?
a.
No
b.
Yes
30.
◊ Has your country established a process to monitor financial
support to biodiversity, including support provided by the private
sector? (decision V/11)
a.
No
b.
No, but procedures being established
X
c.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further comments on processes to monitor financial support to
biodiversity, including support provided by the private sector.
The Ministry of Environment can monitor financial support to
biodiversity from Government budgets and other national projects, as
well as donations by private sector.
30.
◊ Has your country considered any measures like tax exemptions in
national taxation systems to encourage financial support to
biodiversity? (decision V/11)
a.
No
b.
No, but exemptions are under development (please provide details
below)
c.
Yes, exemptions are in place (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on tax exemptions for biodiversity-related donations.
Tax exemptions are in place for environmental projects, for example on
the importation of equipment. .
30.
Has your country reviewed national budgets and monetary policies,
including the effectiveness of official development assistance
allocated to biodiversity, with particular attention paid to
positive incentives and their performance as well as perverse
incentives and ways and means for their removal or mitigation?
(decision VI/16)
a.
No
b.
No, but review is under way
c.
Yes (please provide results of review below)
X
Further comments on review of national budgets and monetary policies,
including the effectiveness of official development assistance.
The Government of Seychelles provides an annual budget for
biodiversity related activities.
The Environment Trust Fund serves as a financing tool for implementing
biodiversity projects.
30.
Is your country taking concrete actions to review and further
integrate biodiversity considerations in the development and
implementation of major international development initiatives, as
well as in national sustainable development plans and relevant
sectoral policies and plans? (decisions VI/16 and VII/21)
a.
No
b.
No, but review is under way
c.
Yes, in some initiatives and plans (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, in major initiatives and plans (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on review and integration of biodiversity
considerations in relevant initiatives, policies and plans.
Biodiversity consideration is already integrated in the EMPS
2000-2010. The development of the EMPS 2011-2020 presents an
opportunity to mainstream all major development initiatives to a
greater extent.
30.
Is your country enhancing the integration of biological diversity
into the sectoral development and assistance programmes? (decision
VII/21)
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, into some sectoral development and assistance programmes
(please provide details below)
d.
Yes, into major sectoral development and assistance programmes
(please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the integration of biodiversity into sectoral
development and assistance programmes
Is achieved in the EMPS 2000-2010. Other sector programmes make
specific reference to conservation and sustainable use of biological
diversity e.g. tourism, fisheries.
The next question (145) is for DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
30.
Please indicate with an “X” in the table below in which area your
country has provided financial support to developing countries
and/or countries with economies in transition. Please elaborate in
the space below if necessary.
A r e a s
Support provided
a.
Undertaking national or regional assessments within the framework
of MEA (decision VI/8)
b.
In-situ conservation (decision V/16)
c.
Enhance national capacity to establish and maintain the mechanisms
to protect traditional knowledge (decision VI/10)
d.
Ex-situ conservation (decision V/26)
e.
Implementation of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation
(decision VI/9)
f.
Implementation of the Bonn Guidelines (decision VI/24)
g.
Implementation of programme of work on agricultural biodiversity
(decision V/5)
h.
Preparation of first report on the State of World’s Animal Genetic
Resources (decision VI/17)
i.
Support to work of existing regional coordination mechanisms and
development of regional and sub regional networks or processes
(decision VI/27)
j.
Development of partnerships and other means to provide the
necessary support for the implementation of the programme of work
on dry and subhumid lands biological diversity (decision VII/2)
k.
Financial support for the operations of the Coordination Mechanism
of the Global Taxonomy Initiative (decision VII/9)
l.
Support to the implementation of the Action Plan on Capacity
Building as contained in the annex to decision VII/19 (decision
VII/19)
m.
Support to the implementation of the programme of work on mountain
biological diversity (decision VII/27)
n.
Support to the implementation of the programme of work on
protected areas (decision VII/28)
o.
Support to the development of national indicators (decision
VII/30)
p.
Others (please specify)
Further information on financial support provided to developing
countries and countries with economies in transition.
Not applicable.
The next question (146) is for DEVELOPING COUNTRIES OR COUNTRIES WITH
ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION
30.
Please indicate with an “X” in the table below in which areas your
country has applied for funds from the Global Environment Facility
(GEF), from developed countries and/or from other sources. The
same area may have more than one source of financial support.
Please elaborate in the space below if necessary.
A r e a s
Applied for funds from
GEF
Bilateral
Other
a.
Preparation of national biodiversity strategies or action plans
X
-
b.
National capacity self-assessment for implementation of Convention
(decision VI/27)
X
-
c.
Priority actions to implement the Global Taxonomy Initiative
(decision V/9)
d.
In-situ conservation (decision V/16)
X
-
e.
Development of national strategies or action plans to deal with
alien species (decision VI/23)
X
-
X
-
f.
Ex-situ conservation, establishment and maintenance of Ex-situ
conservation facilities (decision V/26)
X
-
g.
Projects that promote measures for implementing Article 13
(Education and Public Awareness) (decision VI/19)
X
-
X
-
h.
Preparation of national reports (decisions III/9, V/19 and VI/25)
X
-
i.
Projects for conservation and sustainable use of inland water
biological diversity (decision IV/4)
X
-
X
-
j.
Activities for conservation and sustainable use of agricultural
biological diversity (decision V/5)
X
-
k.
Implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (decision
VI/26)
X
-
l.
Implementation of the Global Taxonomy Initiative
m.
Implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for
the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity
n.
Others (please specify)
Further information on application for financial support.
The Seychelles Government provides significant funding for
conservation programmes. The country also receives external support
principally through GEF as well as other donors.
-------------------------------------------------------------------
D. THEMATIC AREAS
30.
Please use the scale indicated below to reflect the level of
challenges faced by your country in implementing the thematic
programmes of work of the Convention (marine and coastal
biodiversity, agricultural biodiversity, forest biodiversity,
inland waters biodiversity, dry and sub-humid lands and mountain
biodiversity).
3 = High Challenge
1 = Low Challenge
2 = Medium Challenge
0 = Challenge has been successfully overcome
N/A = Not applicable
Challenges
Programme of Work
Agricultural
Forest
Marine and coastal
Inland
water ecosystem
Dry and subhumid lands
Mountain
a.
Lack of political will and support
1
1
1
1
Not applicable to Seychelles
Same as Forest Program of work
b.
Limited public participation and stakeholder involvement
2
2
2
2
c.
Lack of main-streaming and integration of biodiversity issues
into other sectors
1
1
1
1
d.
Lack of precautionary and proactive measures
1
1
1
1
e.
Inadequate capacity to act, caused by institutional weakness
2
2
3
1
f.
Lack of transfer of technology and expertise
3
2
2
2
g.
Loss of traditional knowledge
3
3
2
NA
h.
Lack of adequate scientific research capacities to support all
the objectives
2
2
1
2
i.
Lack of accessible knowledge and information
2
1
2
2
j.
Lack of public education and awareness at all levels
1
2
1
2
k.
Existing scientific and traditional knowledge not fully utilized
2
1
1
1
l.
Loss of biodiversity and the corresponding goods and services it
provides not properly understood and documented
2
1
1
1
m.
Lack of financial, human, technical resources
3
2
3
3
n.
Lack of economic incentive measures
1
1
1
1
o.
Lack of benefit-sharing
2
3
3
2
p.
Lack of synergies at national and international levels
1
1
1
1
q.
Lack of horizontal cooperation among stakeholders
1
1
1
1
r.
Lack of effective partnerships
1
1
1
1
s.
Lack of engagement of scientific community
1
1
1
1
t.
Lack of appropriate policies and laws
1
2
2
1
u.
Poverty
0
0
0
0
v.
Population pressure
1
1
1
2
w.
Unsustainable consumption and production patterns
1
1
2
2
x.
Lack of capacities for local communities
2
2
2
2
y.
Lack of knowledge and practice of ecosystem-based approaches to
management
2
2
2
2
z.
Weak law enforcement capacity
1
2
2
2
aa.
Natural disasters and environmental change
2
2
2
2
Inland water ecosystems
30.
Has your country incorporated the objectives and relevant
activities of the programme of work into the following and
implemented them? (decision VII/4)
Strategies, policies, plans and activities
No
Yes, partially, integrated but not implemented
Yes, fully integrated and implemented
N/A
a.
Your biodiversity strategies and action plans
X
b.
Wetland policies and strategies
X
c.
Integrated water resources management and water efficiency
plans being developed in line with paragraph 25 of the Plan of
Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development
X
d.
Enhanced coordination and cooperation between national actors
responsible for inland water ecosystems and biological
diversity
X
Further comments on incorporation of the objectives and activities of
the programme of work
30.
Has your country identified priorities for each activity in the
programme of work, including timescales, in relation to outcome
oriented targets? (decision VII/4 )
a.
No
b.
Outcome oriented targets developed but priority activities not
developed
c.
Priority activities developed but not outcome oriented targets
d.
Yes, comprehensive outcome oriented targets and priority
activities developed
X
Further comments on the adoption of outcome oriented targets and
priorities for activities, including providing a list of targets (if
developed).
The Wetland Policy sets clear outcome orientated targets and ongoing
activities reflect the programme of work and achieve the objective of
the convention. However, this is not so for each activity of the
programme of work and implementation remains inconsistent. The list of
targets are as follows;
1.1 To achieve 100% rejection of environmental authorization
application concerning wetland Class A within 1 year of enacting the
designation of Class A wetlands as “Wetland Reserves”.
1.2.To achieve 20% reduction in approving activities3 for Class B
wetlands using the average of 1995 to 2000 baseline data within 1 year
of enacting the amendment4 and by 10 year-period increased to 100%.
1.3 To improve the assessment and reporting of wetland ecosystem
health every two years.
1.4 To improve management and supervision of development projects
closely associated with wetlands.
2.1 To develop a wetland inventory of Class A and B wetlands by July
2002.
2.2 To prepare a GIS-based system to assist in decision-making for
development within or close to important wetland areas.
2.3 To make Regulation provisions under the Biodiversity Conservation
Act (in progress) for eradication of invasive alien species and other
activities deemed to contribute significant effects to Class A and B
wetlands by 2004.
2.4 To integrate wetland action and assessment of wetland benefits.
2.5 To build capacity for the management and conservation of wetlands
across all concerned sectors.
3.1 To reverse pollution discharges within wetlands by implementing
the National discharge standards and ensuring septic tanks are located
within a set distance from wetland areas. All direct discharges of
pollution effluents within wetland areas shall be eliminated by 2005.
3.2 Strengthen the existing wetland management unit to be able to
undertake routine and long-term maintenance and research of wetland
habitats and outlets.
3.3 Develop and implement a wetland rehabilitation programme for
selected areas.
3.4 Take into consideration indirect human pressure, including climate
change, on wetlands.
4.1 To put in place management plan for important wetlands Class A and
B by January 2003.
4.2 To promote the conservation and wise use of wetlands through
communication, education and pubic awareness programs continually.
30.
Is your country promoting synergies between this programme of work
and related activities under the Ramsar Convention as well as the
implementation of the Joint Work Plan (CBD-Ramsar) at the national
level? (decision VII/4 )
a.
Not applicable (not Party to Ramsar Convention)
b.
No
c.
No, but potential measures were identified for synergy and joint
implementation
d.
Yes, some measures taken for joint implementation (please specify
below)
X
e.
Yes, comprehensive measures taken for joint implementation (please
specify below)
Further comments on the promotion of synergies between the programme
of work and related activities under the Ramsar Convention as well as
the implementation of the Joint Work Plan (CBD-Ramsar) at the national
level.
The wetland policy and action plan achieves synergy between the CBD
and Ramsar.
30.
Has your country taken steps to improve national data on:
(decision VII/4 )
Issues
Yes
No
No, but development
is under way
a.
Goods and services provided by inland water ecosystems?
X
b.
The uses and related socioeconomic variables of such goods and
services?
X
c.
Basic hydrological aspects of water supply as they relate to
maintaining ecosystem function?
X
d.
Species and all taxonomic levels?
X
e.
On threats to which inland water ecosystems are subjected?
X
Further comments on the development of data sets, in particular a list
of data sets developed in case you have replied “YES” above.
The Public Utilities Company maintains data on water catchments and
hydrological aspect of water supply. A monitoring activity is
scheduled in the EMPS 2000-2010 under the thematic area “Water,
Sanitation and Waste” but yet to be implemented. Comprehensive
assessments relating to ecosystem function remains limited.
In 2003-2004, a complete inventory of aquatic ecosystems was carried
out to determine species diversity and distribution. This provided
baseline data for future monitoring.
30.
Has your country promoted the application of the guidelines on the
rapid assessment of the biological diversity of inland water
ecosystems? (decision VII/4 )
a.
No, the guidelines have not been reviewed
X
b.
No, the guidelines have been reviewed and found inappropriate
c.
Yes, the guidelines have been reviewed and application/promotion
is pending
d.
Yes, the guidelines promoted and applied
Further comments on the promotion and application of the guidelines on
the rapid assessment of the biological diversity of inland water
ecosystems.
XLIII.
Please elaborate below on the implementation of this programme of work
and associated decisions specifically focusing on:
a.
outcomes and impacts of actions taken;
b.
contribution to the achievement of the goals of the Strategic Plan
of the Convention;
c.
contribution to progress towards the 2010 target;
d.
progress in implementing national biodiversity strategies and
action plans;
e.
contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals;
f.
constraints encountered in implementation.
See 149 above;
Inland water biodiversity achieves high importance in the Seychelles
in as much as the need to maintain catchment areas for drinking water.
The protection of inland water/catchment areas was carried out as an
activity of the EMPS.
Monitoring work under the Water sector is yet to be fully implemented.
Significant progress has been made with respect to classification,
monitoring and protection of wetlands. A wetlands unit exists within
the Department of Environment to oversee the maintenance of wetlands
and the EIA section ensures protection of designated wetlands from
development.
Rivers are protected under the State land and River Reserves Act and
planning requirements dictate placing of soakaways not less than 16
metres from a water course. These measures are aimed at protecting
inland water from pollution in order to reduce loss of inland water
biodiversity.
Marine and coastal biological diversity
General
30.
Do your country’s strategies and action plans include the
following? Please use an “X” to indicate your response. (decisions
II/10 and IV/15)
a.
Developing new marine and coastal protected areas
X
b.
Improving the management of existing marine and coastal protected
areas
X
c.
Building capacity within the country for management of marine and
coastal resources, including through educational programmes and
targeted research initiatives (if yes, please elaborate on types
of initiatives in the box below)
X
d.
Instituting improved integrated marine and coastal area management
(including catchments management) in order to reduce sediment and
nutrient loads into the marine environment
X
e.
Protection of areas important for reproduction, such as spawning
and nursery areas
X
f.
Improving sewage and other waste treatment
X
g.
Controlling excessive fishing and destructive fishing practices
X
h.
Developing a comprehensive oceans policy (if yes, please indicate
current stage of development in the box below)
i.
Incorporation of local and traditional knowledge into management
of marine and coastal resources (if yes, please elaborate on types
of management arrangements in the box below)
j.
Others (please specify below)
k.
Not applicable
Please elaborate on the above activities and list any other priority
actions relating to conservation and sustainable use of marine and
coastal biodiversity.
Marine and coastal biodiversity will be improved with the Protected
Areas project which will review all aspect of PA management including
legislation.
Implementation of Integrated Marine and Coastal Area Management
30.
Has your country established and/or strengthened institutional,
administrative and legislative arrangements for the development of
integrated management of marine and coastal ecosystems?
a.
No
b.
Early stages of development
c.
Advanced stages of development
d.
Arrangements in place (please provide details below)
X
e.
Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of implementation of integrated
marine and coastal area management.
An Authority (Marine Park Authority) was created to manage all marine
protected areas.
30.
Has your country implemented ecosystem-based management of marine
and coastal resources, for example through integration of coastal
management and watershed management, or through integrated
multidisciplinary coastal and ocean management?
a.
No
b.
Early stages of development
X
c.
Advanced stages of development
d.
Arrangements in place (please provide details below)
e.
Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of application of the ecosystem
to management of marine and coastal resources.
The country realizes the importance of applying ecosystem approach to
the management of marine and coastal resources. In line with this
several projects has been initiated to harmonise and modernize action
with respect to the management of marine and coastal resources. As yet
these projects are yet to reach full maturity in terms of output and
therefore this is still at early stages of development.
Marine and Coastal Living Resources
30.
Has your country identified components of your marine and coastal
ecosystems, which are critical for their functioning, as well as
key threats to those ecosystems?
a.
No
b.
Plans for a comprehensive assessment of marine and coastal
ecosystems are in place (please provide details below)
c.
A comprehensive assessment is currently in progress
d.
Critical ecosystem components have been identified, and management
plans for them are being developed (please provide details below)
X
e.
Management plans for important components of marine and coastal
ecosystems are in place (please provide details below)
f.
Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of assessment, monitoring and
research relating to marine and coastal ecosystems, as well as key
threats to them.
Following the 1998 coral reef bleaching event, assessments of coral
ecosystem were jointly undertaken by Government, local and
international marine NGO’s (Shoals of Capricorn).
Programmes were carried out throughout the country to investigate the
changes in beach profiles.
As part of the Marine Ecosystem Management Project (1999-2003)
numerous assessments, monitoring and research were carried out on
components of marine ecosystem including research on the effect of sea
urchin (Crown of Thorns) on coral recruitment.
A project was implemented to determine the effect of land reclamation
on the feeding ecology and roosting of the greater crested tern (rare
seabird species occurring on the coral island) within the granitic
islands.
30.
Is your country undertaking the following activities to implement
the Convention’s work plan on coral reefs? Please use an “X” to
indicate your response.
A c t i v i t i e s
Not implemented nor a priority
Not implemented but a priority
Currently implemented
Not applicable
a.
Ecological assessment and monitoring of reefs
X
b.
Socio-economic assessment and monitoring of communities and
stakeholders
X
c.
Management, particularly through application of integrated coastal
management and marine and coastal protected areas in coral reef
environments
X
d.
Identification and implementation of additional and alternative
measures for securing livelihoods of people who directly depend on
coral reef services
X
e.
Stakeholder partnerships, community participation programmes and
public education campaigns
X
f.
Provision of training and career opportunities for marine
taxonomists and ecologists
X
g.
Development of early warning systems of coral bleaching
X
h.
Development of a rapid response capability to document coral
bleaching and mortality
X
i.
Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded coral reef habitats
X
j.
Others (please specify below)
Please elaborate on ongoing activities.
The Marine Park Authority carries out periodic monitoring programme
for reefs which acts as indicator/warning system for coral bleaching /
reef mortality. The same monitoring is used to assess the natural
rejuvenation of degraded reef habitats.
Marine and Coastal Protected Areas
30.
Which of the following statements can best describe the current
status of marine and coastal protected areas in your country?
Please use an “X” to indicate your response.
a.
Marine and coastal protected areas have been declared and gazetted
(please indicate below how many)
X
b.
Management plans for these marine and coastal protected areas have
been developed with involvement of all stakeholders
X
c.
Effective management with enforcement and monitoring has been put
in place
X
d.
A national system or network of marine and coastal protected areas
is under development
X
e.
A national system or network of marine and coastal protected areas
has been put in place
X
f.
The national system of marine and coastal protected areas includes
areas managed for purpose of sustainable use, which may allow
extractive activities
X
g.
The national system of marine and coastal protected areas includes
areas which exclude extractive uses
h.
The national system of marine and coastal protected areas is
surrounded by sustainable management practices over the wider
marine and coastal environment.
X
i.
Other (please describe below)
j.
Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of marine and coastal protected
areas.
Seychelles have 3 terrestrial PAs, 6 marine Parks, and many small
reserves (totaling less than 30 ha) as well as 4 other PAs managed by
private foundations or NGOs.
Mariculture
30.
Is your country applying the following techniques aimed at
minimizing adverse impacts of mariculture on marine and coastal
biodiversity? Please check all that apply.
a.
Application of environmental impact assessments for mariculture
developments
X
b.
Development and application of effective site selection methods in
the framework of integrated marine and coastal area management
X
c.
Development of effective methods for effluent and waste control
X
d.
Development of appropriate genetic resource management plans at
the hatchery level
X
e.
Development of controlled hatchery and genetically sound
reproduction methods in order to avoid seed collection from
nature.
f.
If seed collection from nature cannot be avoided, development of
environmentally sound practices for spat collecting operations,
including use of selective fishing gear to avoid by-catch
g.
Use of native species and subspecies in mariculture
h.
Implementation of effective measures to prevent the inadvertent
release of mariculture species and fertile polypoids.
X
i.
Use of proper methods of breeding and proper places of releasing
in order to protect genetic diversity
X
j.
Minimizing the use of antibiotics through better husbandry
techniques
X
k.
Use of selective methods in commercial fishing to avoid or
minimize by-catch
X
l.
Considering traditional knowledge, where applicable, as a source
to develop sustainable mariculture techniques
m.
Not applicable
Further comments on techniques that aim at minimizing adverse impacts
of mariculture on marine and coastal biodiversity.
There are limited Mariculture activities in the Seychelles. The most
significant is a prawn farm on Coetivy island operated by the
Seychelles Marketing Board. This activity is now being phased out
completely. Other projects are Pearl Oyster Farm and Giant Clam farm
on Praslin island. All proposals for mariculture activities would have
to follow an EIA by law and be approved by the Department of
Environment and relevant agencies.
Alien Species and Genotypes
30.
Has your country put in place mechanisms to control pathways of
introduction of alien species in the marine and coastal
environment? Please check all that apply and elaborate on types of
measures in the space below.
a.
No
b.
Mechanisms to control potential invasions from ballast water have
been put in place (please provide details below)
X
c.
Mechanisms to control potential invasions from hull fouling have
been put in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Mechanisms to control potential invasions from aquaculture have
been put in place (please provide details below)
e.
Mechanisms to control potential invasions from accidental
releases, such as aquarium releases, have been put in place
(please provide details below)
X
f.
Not applicable
Further comments on the current status of activities relating to
prevention of introductions of alien species in the marine and coastal
environment, as well as any eradication activities.
Control over the import of aquarium fish is in place. Sensitisation
activities conducted for existing fish owners not to release fish in
the existing water course. An Invasive Alien Species National
committee was established to design framework and oversee mechanisms
for preventing, controlling and eradication of IAS.
Agricultural biological diversity
30.
◊ Has your country developed national strategies, programmes and
plans that ensure the development and successful implementation of
policies and actions that lead to the conservation and sustainable
use of agrobiodiversity components? (decisions III/11 and IV/6)
a.
No
b.
No, but strategies, programmes and plans are under development
c.
Yes, some strategies, programmes and plans are in place (please
provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive strategies, programmes and plans are in place
(please provide details below)
Further comments on agrobiodiversity components in national
strategies, programmes and plans.
National strategies exist and several programmes are being undertaken.
However plans are underway to develop a more comprehensive
Agricultural policy and Strategy.
30.
◊ Has your country identified ways and means to address the
potential impacts of genetic use restriction technologies on the
In-situ and Ex-situ conservation and sustainable use, including
food security, of agricultural biological diversity? (decision
V/5)
a.
No
X
b.
No, but potential measures are under review
c.
Yes, some measures identified (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures identified (please provide details
below)
Further information on ways and means to address the potential impacts
of genetic use restriction technologies on the In-situ and Ex-situ
conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity.
Not applicable
Annex to decision V/5 - Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity
Programme element 1 – Assessment
30.
Has your country undertaken specific assessments of components of
agricultural biodiversity such as on plant genetic resources,
animal genetic resources, pollinators, pest management and
nutrient cycling?
a.
No
b.
Yes, assessments are in progress (please specify components
below)
X
c.
Yes, assessments completed (please specify components and
results of assessments below)
Further comments on specific assessments of components of agricultural
biodiversity.
Some assessments have been carried out on plant and animal genetic
resources but none for pollinators and nutrient cycling. Extensive
work is being carried out in pest management particularly introduced
pest species.
30.
Is your country undertaking assessments of the interactions
between agricultural practices and the conservation and
sustainable use of the components of biodiversity referred to in
Annex I of the Convention (e.g. ecosystems and habitats; species
and communities; genomes and genes of social, scientific or
economic importance)?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes, assessments are under way
c.
Yes, some assessments completed (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive assessments completed (please provide details
below)
Further comments on assessment of biodiversity components (e.g.
ecosystems and habitats; species and communities; genomes and genes of
social, scientific or economic importance).
30.
Has your country carried out an assessment of the knowledge,
innovations and practices of farmers and indigenous and local
communities in sustaining agricultural biodiversity and
agro-ecosystem services for food production and food security?
a.
No
b.
Yes, assessment is under way
X
c.
Yes, assessment completed (please specify where information can be
retrieved below)
Further comments on assessment of the knowledge, innovations and
practices of farmers and indigenous and local communities.
Sharing of experiences is promulgated particularly for farm visits and
knowledge exchange.
30.
Has your country been monitoring an overall degradation, status
quo or restoration/rehabilitation of agricultural biodiversity
since 1993 when the Convention entered into force?
a.
No
b.
Yes, no change found (status quo)
c.
Yes, overall degradation found (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, overall restoration or rehabilitation observed (please
provide details below)
X
Further comments on observations.
An extensive ex situ field gene bank of crop varieties was established
in the nineties but this has since been virtually disseminated due to
re-allocation of land for housing developments. There has been an
overall degradation of agricultural biodiversity in the country due
not only to these factors but also market forces for particular
agricultural products or practice and lack of interest by stakeholders
including farmers.
Programme element 2 - Adaptive management
30.
Has your country identified management practices, technologies and
policies that promote the positive, and mitigate the negative,
impacts of agriculture on biodiversity, and enhance productivity
and the capacity to sustain livelihoods?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential practices, technologies and policies being
identified
c.
Yes, some practices, technologies and policies identified (please
provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive practices, technologies and policies identified
(please provide details below)
Further comments on identified management practices, technologies and
policies.
New production techniques such as hydroponics, integrated pests
management, composting and cultivation are gradually being adopted.
Programme element 3 - Capacity-building
30.
Has your country increased the capacities of farmers, indigenous
and local communities, and their organizations and other
stakeholders, to manage sustainable agricultural biodiversity and
to develop strategies and methodologies for In-situ conservation,
sustainable use and management of agricultural biological
diversity?
a.
No
b.
Yes (please specify area/component and target groups with
increased capacity)
X
Further comments on increased capacities of farmers, indigenous and
local communities, and their organizations and other stakeholders.
Training is carried out on best practices of crop production.
30.
Has your country put in place operational mechanisms for
participation by a wide range of stakeholder groups to develop
genuine partnerships contributing to the implementation of the
programme of work on agricultural biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but potential mechanisms being identified
c.
No, but mechanisms are under development
X
d.
Yes, mechanisms are in place
30.
Has your country improved the policy environment, including
benefit-sharing arrangements and incentive measures, to support
local-level management of agricultural biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but some measures and arrangements being identified
c.
No, but measures and arrangements are under development
X
d.
Yes, measures and arrangements are being implemented (please
specify below)
Further comments on the measures taken to improve the policy
environment.
There are considerable incentives given to farmers to increase
productivity and further incentives are being developed under a new
Agriculture & Fisheries (Incentive) Act to support local-level
management of agricultural biodiversity.
Programme element 4 – Mainstreaming
30.
Is your country mainstreaming or integrating national plans or
strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of
agricultural biodiversity in sectoral and cross-sectoral plans and
programmes?
a.
No
b.
No, but review is under way
c.
No, but potential frameworks and mechanisms are being identified
d.
Yes, some national plans or strategies mainstreamed and integrated
into some sectoral plans and programmes (please provide details
below)
X
e.
Yes, some national plans or strategies mainstreamed into major
sectoral plans and programmes (please provide details below)
Further comments on mainstreaming and integrating national plans or
strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural
biodiversity in sectoral and cross-sectoral plans and programmes.
Some programmes to achieve the conservation and sustainable use of
agricultural biodiversity is currently mainstreamed in the EMPS
2000-2010. These relate to pest management programmes particularly
against the coconut whitefly. The implementation has been mixed, with
little achievements. Agricultural biodiversity in the Seychelles
remains fragile in the light of previous practices which emphasised
more on other production sectors e.g. tourism. The realisation of
these practices has been appreciated and more agricultural issues are
now being developed into national plans and policies updated.
30.
Is your country supporting the institutional framework and policy
and planning mechanisms for the mainstreaming of agricultural
biodiversity in agricultural strategies and action plans, and its
integration into wider strategies and action plans for
biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
Yes, by supporting institutions in undertaking relevant
assessments
c.
Yes, by developing policy and planning guidelines
X
d.
Yes, by developing training material
e.
Yes, by supporting capacity-building at policy, technical and
local levels
f.
Yes, by promoting synergy in the implementation of agreed plans of
action and between ongoing assessment and intergovernmental
processes.
Further comments on support for institutional framework and policy and
planning mechanisms.
30.
In the case of centers of origin in your country, is your country
promoting activities for the conservation, on farm, In-situ, and
Ex-situ, of the variability of genetic resources for food and
agriculture, including their wild relatives?
a.
No
X
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further comments on of the conservation of the variability of genetic
resources for food and agriculture in their center of origin.
XLIV.
Please provide information concerning the actions taken by your
country to implement the Plan of Action for the International
Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators.
No action undertaken so far.
XLV.
Please elaborate below on the implementation of this programme of work
and associated decisions specifically focusing on:
a.
outcomes and impacts of actions taken;
b.
contribution to the achievement of the goals of the Strategic Plan
of the Convention;
c.
contribution to progress towards the 2010 target;
d.
progress in implementing national biodiversity strategies and
action plans;
e.
contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals;
f.
constraints encountered in implementation.
The Seychelles does not have heavy industrialized agricultural
activity and relies on imports for most of its produce. The country is
placing a greater emphasis on increasing food production and security.
In view of limited land available in the country, technologies to make
the most of the resources is being looked at rather than allocating
more virgin land to agriculture. This is intended to reduce the impact
of agriculture on biodiversity in accordance to the strategic plan of
the convention.
Constraints
The main constraints have been lack of financial and human resources.
Forest Biological Diversity
General
30.
Has your country incorporated relevant parts of the work programme
into your national biodiversity strategies and action plans and
national forest programmes?
a.
No
b.
Yes, please describe the process used
X
c.
Yes, please describe constraints/obstacles encountered in the
process
d.
Yes, please describe lessons learned
e.
Yes, please describe targets for priority actions in the programme
of work
Further comments on the incorporation of relevant parts of the work
programme into your NBSAP and forest programmes
Relevant parts of the work programme have been incorporated in the
NBSAP and the EMPS 2000-2010. The EMPS does cover all three programme
elements to a great extent but not fully. The NBSAP is in need of
updating and harmonising with the EMPS.
A Forest Management Plan (1993) exists but is in need of updating.
XLVI.
Please indicate what recently applied tools (policy, planning,
management, assessment and measurement) and measures, if any, your
country is using to implement and assess the programme of work. Please
indicate what tools and measures would assist the implementation.
The EMPS 2000-2010 have in built indicators for assessment but missing
a framework for more periodic assessment. A review of the action plan
is expected to be carried out before 2010.
XLVII.
Please indicate to what extent and how your country has involved
indigenous and local communities, and respected their rights and
interests, in implementing the programme of work.
Not applicable.
XLVIII.
Please indicate what efforts your country has made towards capacity
building in human and capital resources for the implementation of the
programme of work.
The EMPS goal in this sector was to have University trained Personnel
in Forestry Science and Forestry Management. The specific objective
was to train 5 ( 3 B.Sc., and 2 M.Sc) personnel at graduate and post
graduate level in Forestry Science and Forestry Management. This has
so far proved to be difficult as no funding was available for its
implementation and no suitable candidates were obtained.
XLIX.
Please indicate how your country has collaborated and cooperated
(e.g., south-south, north-south, south-north, north-north) with other
governments, regional or international organizations in implementing
the programme of work. Please also indicate what are the constraints
and/or needs identified.
Collaboration has been with mostly international organizations.
British Forestry Commission assisted with combating Takamaka wilt
disease.
ARPEGE -project for the promotion of environmental education
programmes funded by 9th European Development Fund project for member
countries of the Indian Ocean Commission
ETH Zurich –Ecosystem impacts of invasive woody plants on plant
regeneration and soil properties.
Constraints have been attributed to high staff turnover and limited
information management infrastructure within the Forestry Section.
Expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity
Programme element 1 – Conservation, sustainable use and
benefit-sharing
30.
Is your country applying the ecosystem approach to the management
of all types of forests?
a.
No (please provide reasons below)
b.
No, but potential measures being identified (please provide
details below)
X
c.
Yes (please provide details below)
Comments on application of the ecosystem approach to management of
forests (including effectiveness of actions taken, lessons learned,
impact on forest management, constraints, needs, tools, and targets).
Forest Management Plans exists but is outdated and require revision
especially with the applicability for better integration of ecosystem
approach into management plans.
30.
Has your country undertaken measures to reduce the threats to, and
mitigate its impacts on forest biodiversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please specify below the major threats identified in relation to each
objective of goal 2 and the measures undertaken to address priority
actions
Objective 1 - Prevent the introduction of invasive alien species that
threaten ecosystems, and mitigate their negative impacts on forest
biological diversity in accordance with international law.
Management measures in place at the SeaPort and Airport and inspection
/protocol manual developed. These measures however require to be
stepped up in order to be more effective. Certain rat free islands
have their own protocol for preventing the re-introduction of rodents.
Interisland transfer of timber is strictly controlled to prevent the
spread of pathogens. Solid wastes from the port of entry are not being
treated prior to disposal.
Objective 2 -Mitigate the impact of pollution such as acidification
and eutrophication on forest biodiversity
No major threat identified so far.
Objective 3 - Mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on
forest biodiversity
The threat on forest diversity by climate change has not been
adequately addressed with most activities focusing on the coastal zone
and mitigating the impacts of sea level rise. However it is seen that
changes to hydrological cycle and changing rainfall patterns is likely
to affect the forests.
Objective 4 - To prevent and mitigate the adverse effects of forest
fires and fire suppression
The forestry staff has upgraded their fire fighting equipment and
ability to respond to forest fires. Good collaboration exists with
helicopter companies to assist in the case of remote areas. Fire
breaks in sensitive areas are maintained by the Forestry section on a
continuous basis.
Objective 5 - To mitigate effects of the loss of natural disturbances
necessary to maintain biodiversity in regions where these no longer
occur
Certain affected areas are being restored through re-vegetation with
native species in areas prone to erosion.
Objective 6 - To prevent and mitigate losses due to fragmentation and
conversion to other land uses
Creation of habitat corridors to reduce fragmentation is being
undertaken.
A project is being developed to look at Sustainable Land Management
and development of Land Use Plan.
A prohibition of construction above 50 metres contour line on Praslin
is being enforced. Purchase of privately owned land by Government to
maintain important woodlands. Maintenance of timber plantation as
forested areas.
b.
No
Please provide reasons below
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to protect, recover and
restore forest biological
diversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
3 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Restore forest biological diversity in degraded
secondary forests and in forests established on former forestlands and
other landscapes, including in plantations.
Notable work has been done in habitat restoration of native species at
Mare Aux cochons in the Morne Seychellois National park and on islands
e.g. North island. Similar work is being done on other islands.
Objective 2 - Promote forest management practices that further the
conservation of endemic and threatened species.
Endemic Species monitoring programme being carried out by the
Department of Environment. Maintenance of fire breaks, and emergency
preparedness ensures conservation of endemic species. Nursery for
propagating native plants and replanting activities are being
undertaken.
Objective 3 -Ensure adequate and effective protected forest area
networks
There are 26,777 ha of the terrestrial landscape under protection in
the Seychelles representing 46% of the total land area. A National
Parks committee bring together all relevant stakeholders involved
forest management in the country.
b.
No
Please provide reasons below
Further comments on measures to protect, recover and restore forest
biological diversity (including effectiveness of actions taken,
lessons learned, impacts on forest biodiversity, constraints, needs,
tools and targets).
For the Seychelles context, protection of forest biodiversity is
carried out as far as available resources dictate. It is clear that a
greater NGO participation is required in forest management. Recovery
and restoration programmes particularly of the native species affected
by invasives are considerably more difficult.
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to promote the
sustainable use of forest biological diversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please specify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
4 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Promote sustainable use of forest resources to enhance
the conservation of forest biological diversity
There is a prohibition on the consumption of endemic “palm heart”.
Control on the use of endemic palm leaves
Objective 2 - Prevent losses caused by unsustainable harvesting of
timber and non-timber forest resources
In order to promote the sustainable use of forest resources, the price
of timber needs to be reviewed to better reflect its value. This is an
activity under the EMPS 2000-2010.
Objective 3 - Enable indigenous and local communities to develop and
implement adaptive community-management systems to conserve and
sustainably use forest biological diversity.
Community management systems still need to be fully developed in
Seychelles although attempts are now being made in this direction.
Objective 4 - Develop effective and equitable information systems and
strategies and promote implementation of those strategies for in situ
and ex situ conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic
diversity, and support countries in their implementation and
monitoring.
Information management generally requires improvement and this
objective has not been adequately addressed to date. There are plans
to include this element in the National Strategy for Plant
Conservation.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
Further comments on the promotion of the sustainable use of forest
biological diversity (including effectiveness of actions taken,
lessons learned, impacts on forest biodiversity, constraints, needs,
tools and targets).
The Seychelles do not have major timber processing companies and have
limited forest reserves to do so. Most of the timber for use is
imported. Cinnamon being an invasive used to be exploited but with the
decline in world prices the practice has reduced significantly. There
has been a considerable shift towards eco tourism and several forest
trails are open to tourists.
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to promote access and
benefit-sharing of forest genetic resources?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please specify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
5 and describe measures undertaken
Objective 1 - Promote the fair and equitable sharing of benefits
resulting from the utilization of forest genetic resources and
associated traditional knowledge
There are procedures in place to access forest genetic resources.
However the country has yet to address this in a systematic manner,
the sharing of benefits from utilization of forest genetic resources.
The matter will be addressed in an ABS bill which is under
development.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
Programme element 2 – Institutional and socio-economic enabling
environment
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to enhance the
institutional enabling environment for the conservation and
sustainable use of forest biological diversity, including access
and benefit-sharing?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of Goal
1 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Improve the understanding of the various causes of
forest biological diversity losses.
The major cause of forest biological diversity loss in Seychelles is
invasive creepers and forest fires. Government has put in place
institutional mechanisms for addressing causes of forest biological
losses.
Objective 2- Parties, Governments and organizations to integrate
biological diversity conservation and sustainable use into forest and
other sector policies and programmes.
Seychelles have a history of integrated conservation and sustainable
use programmes in its environment policy and those of other sectors in
the EMPS 2000-2010. The authorities continue to enforce forest related
laws including fire and tree felling permits.
Objective 3 - Parties and Governments to develop good governance
practices, review and revise and implement forest and forest-related
laws, tenure and planning systems, to provide a sound basis for
conservation and sustainable use of forest biological diversity.
As under objective 2 above.
Objective 4 - Promote forest law enforcement and address related trade
Legislation is in place for protection of forests and enforcement is
being carried out but with significant forest cover it is difficult to
maintain an efficient enforcement regime.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to address socio-economic
failures and distortions that lead to decisions that result in
loss of forest biological diversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of Goal
2 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
c.
No
X
Please provide reasons below
Low dependence on forest products.
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to increase public
education, participation and awareness in relation to forest
biological diversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
3 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Increase public support and understanding of the value
of forest biological diversity and its goods and services at all
levels.
The Department has an Environmental Education Section which undertakes
public education, participation and awareness. There has been
television programmes on medicinal plants, and one series dedicated to
the unique ecosystem of mists forests. The Ministry for Education has
undertaken significant education programmes on all aspect of
environmental management.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
Further comments on measures to increase public education,
participation and awareness in relation to forest biological diversity
(including effectiveness of actions taken, lessons learned, impacts on
forest biodiversity, constraints, needs, tools and targets).
Education activities are on the whole successfully applied in the
Seychelles. It is not only the Government which is active in this
arena but more so environmental NGO’s.
With so many years in promulgating environmental education, it is
important that educators consider innovative information dissemination
techniques as people can get saturated with the conventional approach.
Programme element 3 – Knowledge, assessment and monitoring
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to characterize forest
ecosystems at various scales in order to improve the assessment of
the status and trends of forest biological diversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of Goal
1 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Review and adopt a harmonized global to regional forest
classification system, based on harmonized and accepted forest
definitions and addressing key forest biological diversity elements.
Seven national class of forest has been delineated namely, Albizia
dominant, Mixed forests, Plantation forests, Coconut dominant forest,
Bush vegetation , Deforested areas and Cultivated or built up areas
Objective 2 - Develop national forest classification systems and maps
(using agreed international standards and protocols to enable regional
and global synthesis).
See objective 1 above. GIS mapping has been carried out on forest
systems in the Seychelles
Objective 3 - To develop, where appropriate, specific forest
ecosystems surveys in priority areas for conservation and sustainable
use of forest biodiversity.
Forest ecosystem surveys have been carried out for conservation and
research purposes. Areas of high biological importance have been
included in Atlas of sensitive zones.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to improve knowledge on,
and methods for, the assessment of the status and trends of forest
biological diversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
2 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Advance the development and implementation of
international, regional and national criteria and indicators based on
key regional, subregional and national measures within the framework
of sustainable forest management.
Seychelles participation in the Global Forest Resources Assessment
made use of regional criteria and indicators for sustainable forest
management. SADC Protocol on Forestry also makes use of regional
criteria and indicators to which Seychelles is a party.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures to improve the
understanding of the role of forest biodiversity and ecosystem
functioning?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
X
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
3 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Conduct key research programmes on the role of forest
biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
There has not been significant research in forest ecosystem services
but linkages has been made between floral and faunal endemics in
forest ecosystems.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
30.
Is your country undertaking any measures at national level to
improve the infrastructure for data and information management for
accurate assessment and monitoring of global forest biodiversity?
Options
X
Details
a.
Yes
Please identify priority actions in relation to each objective of goal
4 and describe measures undertaken to address these priorities
Objective 1 - Enhance and improve the technical capacity at the
national level to monitor forest biological diversity, benefiting from
the opportunities offered through the clearing-house mechanism, and to
develop associated databases as required on a global scale.
There have been some actions to enhance technical capacity for
monitoring forest biological diversity but these have not been
consistent. With staff turnover it has been relatively difficult to
retain capacity in forest management. The Country participated in
associative database done on global scale through FAO global forest
resources assessment.
c.
No
Please provide reasons below
Biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands
30.
Is your country supporting scientifically, technically and
financially, at the national and regional levels, the activities
identified in the programme of work? (decisions V/23 and VII/2 )
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further comments on scientific, technical and financial support, at
the national and regional levels, to the activities identified in the
programme of work.
Seychelles possesses no arid zone, and therefore no problem of
desertification. This does not preclude issues of land degradation but
there is as yet no dry land biodiversity identified.
30.
Has your country integrated actions under the programme of work of
dry and sub-humid lands into its national biodiversity strategies
and action plans or the National Action Programme (NAP) of the
UNCCD? (decisions V/23, VI/4 and VII/2)
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further comments on actions under the programme of work of dry and
sub-humid lands integrated into national biodiversity strategies and
action plans or the National Action Programme (NAP) of the UNCCD.
30.
Has your country undertaken measures to ensure
synergistic/collaborative implementation of the programme of work
between the national UNCCD process and other processes under
related environmental conventions? (decisions V/23, VI/4 and
VII/2)
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes, some linkages established (please provide details below)
c.
Yes, extensive linkages established (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the measures to ensure the
synergistic/collaborative implementation of the programme of work
between the national UNCCD processes and other processes under related
environmental conventions.
Programme Part A: Assessment
30.
Has your country assessed and analyzed information on the state of
dryland biological diversity and the pressures on it, disseminated
existing knowledge and best practices, and filled knowledge gaps
in order to determine adequate activities? (Decision V/23, Part A:
Assessment, Operational objective, activities 1 to 6)
a.
No
NA
b.
No, but assessment is ongoing
c.
Yes, some assessments undertaken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive assessment undertaken (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the relevant information on assessments of the
status and trends and dissemination of existing knowledge and best
practices.
Programme Part B: Targeted Actions
30.
Has your country taken measures to promote the conservation and
sustainable use of the biological diversity of dry and sub-humid
lands and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising
out of the utilization of its genetic resources, and to combat the
loss of biological diversity in dry and sub-humid lands and its
socio-economic consequences? (part B of annex I of decision V/23,
activities 7 to 9)
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
c.
Yes, many measures taken (please provide details below)
Further comments on the measures taken to promote the conservation and
sustainable use of the biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands
and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the
utilization of its genetic resources, and to combat the loss of
biological diversity in dry and sub-humid lands and its socio-economic
consequences.
30.
Has your country taken measures to strengthen national capacities,
including local capacities, to enhance the implementation of the
programme of work?
a.
No
NA
b.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
c.
Yes, comprehensive measures taken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, all identified capacity needs met (please provide details
below)
Further comments on measures taken to strengthen national capacities,
including local capacities, to enhance the implementation of the
programme of work.
L.
Please elaborate below on the implementation of this programme of work
and associated decisions specifically focusing on:
a.
outcomes and impacts of actions taken;
b.
contribution to the achievement of the goals of the Strategic Plan
of the Convention;
c.
contribution to progress towards the 2010 target;
d.
progress in implementing national biodiversity strategies and
action plans;
e.
contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals;
f.
constraints encountered in implementation.
NA
Mountain Biodiversity
Programme Element 1. Direct actions for conservation, sustainable use
and benefit sharing
30.
Has your country taken any measures to prevent and mitigate the
negative impacts of key threats to mountain biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant measures are being considered
c.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, many measures taken (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the measures taken to prevent and mitigate the
negative impacts of key threats to mountain biodiversity
The Planning Authority which comprises of representatives of the
Department of Environment is the body to oversee development processes
in the country. Also EIA process under local legislation ensures that
consultations are carried out and impacts to environment are
mitigated.
Management plans for designated areas are in place as well as Forest
Fire contingency plan.
District emergency brigade and other personnel from the local
community are trained to respond to forest fires and other threats.
A Sustainable Land Management Project is being developed to target
actions to prevent and mitigate the negative impact of threats to
mountain biodiversity. These include development of guidelines and
protocols for best practices and toolkits in sustainable land
management, Fire prevention and control action plan and Land risk
zoning included in Land Use Plan.
30.
Has your country taken any measures to protect, recover and
restore mountain biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but some measures are being considered
c.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, many measures taken (please provide details below)
Further comments on the measures taken to protect, recover and restore
mountain biodiversity
Rehabilitation of sites affected by forest fires is being carried out.
The Forestry section undertakes tree planting in the terrestrial
National Park and NGO’s have undertaken natural habitat restoration
activities.
30.
Has your country taken any measures to promote the sustainable use
of mountain biological resources and to maintain genetic diversity
in mountain ecosystems?
a.
No
b.
No, but some measures are being considered
c.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, many measures taken (please provide details below)
Further comments on the measures to promote the sustainable use of
mountain biological resources and to maintain genetic diversity in
mountain ecosystems
There is little consumptive use of mountain biodiversity in the
Seychelles. Woody plants are harvested on a commercial basis regulated
by the Department of Environment.
30.
Has your country taken any measures for sharing the benefits
arising from the utilization of mountain genetic resources,
including preservation and maintenance of traditional knowledge?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but some measures are being considered
c.
Yes, some measures taken (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, many measures taken (please provide details below)
Further comments on the measures for sharing the benefits arising from
the utilization of mountain genetic resources
There is no mechanism in place to ensure equitable sharing of benefits
arising from use of mountain genetic resources. The Seychelles will
soon put in place a law to address this issue in its globality.
Programme Element 2. Means of implementation for conservation,
sustainable use and benefit sharing
30.
Has your country developed any legal, policy and institutional
framework for conservation and sustainable use of mountain
biodiversity and for implementing this programme of work?
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant frameworks are being developed
c.
Yes, some frameworks are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive frameworks are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the legal, policy and institutional frameworks for
conservation and sustainable use of mountain biodiversity and for
implementing the programme of work on mountain biodiversity.
Comprehensive frameworks are in place mainly for conservation purposes
and to an extent sustainable use but not comprehensive in terms of
benefit sharing. Mountain biodiversity in Seychelles is equivalent to
forest biodiversity since all mountains are covered with trees and
therefore support a wide variety of plants and animals. The legal,
policy and institutional frameworks is similar to those for the
forestry thematic area.
30.
Has your country been involved in regional and/or transboundary
cooperative agreements on mountain ecosystems for conservation and
sustainable use of mountain biodiversity?
a.
No
X
b.
No, but some cooperation frameworks are being considered
c.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further information on the regional and/or transboundary cooperative
agreements on mountain ecosystems for conservation and sustainable use
of mountain biodiversity
Programme Element 3. Supporting actions for conservation,
sustainable use and benefit sharing
30.
Has your country taken any measures for identification, monitoring
and assessment of mountain biological diversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the measures for identification, monitoring and
assessment of mountain biodiversity
See comments under Forest biodiversity
30.
Has your country taken any measures for improving research,
technical and scientific cooperation and capacity building for
conservation and sustainable use of mountain biodiversity?
a.
No
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
X
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the measures for improving research, technical and
scientific cooperation and capacity building for conservation and
sustainable use of mountain biodiversity
See input for forest biodiversity
30.
Has your country taken any measures to develop, promote, validate
and transfer appropriate technologies for the conservation of
mountain ecosystems?
a.
No
NA
b.
No, but relevant programmes are under development
c.
Yes, some measures are in place (please provide details below)
d.
Yes, comprehensive measures are in place (please provide details
below)
Further comments on the measures to develop, promote, validate and
transfer appropriate technologies for the conservation of mountain
ecosystems
See forest biodiversity
LI.
Please elaborate below on the implementation of this programme of work
and associated decisions specifically focusing on:
a.
outcomes and impacts of actions taken;
b.
contribution to the achievement of the goals of the Strategic Plan
of the Convention;
c.
contribution to progress towards the 2010 target;
d.
progress in implementing national biodiversity strategies and
action plans;
e.
contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals;
f.
constraints encountered in implementation.
See Forest biodiversity
E. OPERATIONS OF THE CONVENTION
30.
Has your country actively participated in subregional and regional
activities in order to prepare for Convention meetings and enhance
implementation of the Convention? (decision V/20)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on the regional and subregional activities in which
your country has been involved.
Regional participation in SADC meetings to enhance implementation of
the Convention.
30.
Is your country strengthening regional and subregional
cooperation, enhancing integration and promoting synergies with
relevant regional and subregional processes? (decision VI/27 B)
a.
No
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
X
Further comments on regional and subregional cooperation and
processes.
A regional cooperation under the auspices of the SADC is in place for
enhancing integration and promoting synergies in the region.
The following question (204) is for developED countries
30.
Is your country supporting the work of existing regional
coordination mechanisms and the development of regional and
subregional networks or processes? (decision VI/27 B)
a.
No
NA
b.
No, but programmes are under development
c.
Yes, included in existing cooperation frameworks (please provide
details below)
d.
Yes, some cooperative activities ongoing (please provide details
below)
30.
Is your country working with other Parties to strengthen the
existing regional and subregional mechanisms and initiatives for
capacity-building? (decision VI/27 B)
a.
No
b.
Yes
X
30.
Has your country contributed to the assessment of the regional and
subregional mechanisms for implementation of the Convention?
(decision VI/27 B)
a.
No
X
b.
Yes (please provide details below)
Further comments on contribution to the assessment of the regional and
subregional mechanisms.
F. COMMENTS ON THE FORMAT
LII.
Please provide below recommendations on how to improve this reporting
format.
The file size constraints sharing by email. Some questions were found
to be not applicable to the country and therefore the format is
restrictive.
- - - - - -
1 Please note that all the questions marked with ◊ have been
previously covered in the second national reports and some thematic
reports.
2 The questions marked with  in this section on Taxonomy are similar
to some questions contained in the format for a report on the
implementation of the programme of work on the Global Taxonomy
Initiative. Those countries that have submitted such a report do not
need to answer these questions unless they have updated information to
provide.

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