bil: 179 typ: general bill gb inb: senate ind: 19970115 psp: thomas spo: thomas ddn: council\legis\bills\gjk\23073sd.97

BIL: 179
TYP: General Bill GB
INB: Senate
IND: 19970115
PSP: Thomas
SPO: Thomas
DDN: council\legis\bills\gjk\23073sd.97
RBY: Senate
COM: Judiciary Committee 11 SJ
SUB: Food, canned or perishable; persons who donate to charitable
organizations immune from civil liability, agriculture
HST: 179
Body Date Action Description Com Leg Involved
______ ________ _______________________________________ _______
____________
Senate 19970115 Introduced, read first time, 11 SJ
referred to Committee
TXT:
A BILL
TO AMEND TITLE 15, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO
CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES, BY ADDING CHAPTER 79 SO AS TO PROVIDE
THAT CERTAIN PERSONS WHO DONATE CANNED OR PERISHABLE FOOD TO A
CHARITABLE OR NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION AND THE CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION
ACCEPTING THE FOOD ARE NOT SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL OR CIVIL LIABILITY
ARISING FROM THE CONDITION OF THE FOOD UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS, AND
TO PROVIDE PENALTIES FOR THE UNLAWFUL SALE OF DONATED FOOD.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. The 1976 Code is amended by adding:
“CHAPTER 79
Donation of Canned or Perishable Food
Section 15-79-10. As used in this chapter unless the context otherwise
requires:
(1) ‘Canned foods’ means canned foods that have been hermetically
sealed or commercially processed and prepared for human consumption.
(2) ‘Charitable or nonprofit organization’ means an organization which
is exempt from federal or state income taxation, except that the term
does not include organizations which sell or offer to sell donated
items of food. The assessment of a nominal fee or request for a
donation in connection with the distribution of food by the charitable
or nonprofit organization is not a sale.
(3) ‘Gleaner’ means a person who harvests, for free distribution, an
agriculture crop that has been donated by the owner.
(4) ‘Perishable food’ means food which may spoil or otherwise become
unfit for human consumption because of its nature or type of physical
condition. This term includes, but is not limited to, fresh and
processed meats, poultry, seafood, dairy products, eggs in the shell,
fresh fruits and vegetables, and foods which have been packaged,
refrigerated, or frozen.
Section 15-79-20. A gleaner, or a restaurant, food establishment, food
service establishment, school, manufacturer of foodstuffs, or other
person who, in good faith, donates food to a charitable or nonprofit
organization for ultimate free distribution to needy individuals is
not subject to criminal or civil liability arising from the condition
of the food if the donor reasonably inspects the food at the time of
the donation and finds the food fit for human consumption. The
immunity provided by this section does not extend to a donor or
gleaner if damages result from the negligence, recklessness, or
intentional misconduct of the donor, or if the donor or gleaner has,
or should have had, actual or constructive knowledge that the food is
tainted, contaminated, or harmful to the health or well-being of the
ultimate recipient.
Section 15-79-30. A bona fide charitable or nonprofit organization
which receives, in good faith, donated food for ultimate distribution
to needy individuals either for free or for a nominal fee is not
subject to criminal or civil liability arising from the condition of
the food, if the charitable or nonprofit organization reasonably
inspects the food at the time of distribution and finds the food fit
for human consumption. The immunity provided in this section does not
extend to a charitable or nonprofit organization if damages result
from the negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct of the
charitable or nonprofit organization or if the charitable or nonprofit
organization has or should have had actual or constructive knowledge
that the food is tainted, contaminated, or harmful to the health or
well-being of the ultimate recipient.
Section 15-79-40. The immunity provided by this chapter is applicable
to the good faith donation of canned or perishable food or farm
products not readily marketable due to appearance, freshness, grade,
surplus, or other considerations, but does not apply to canned goods
that are defective or cannot be otherwise offered for sale to members
of the general public. This does not restrict the authority of a
lawful agency to otherwise regulate or ban the use of such food for
human consumption. Charitable or nonprofit organizations which
regularly accept donated food for distribution pursuant to this
chapter shall request the appropriate local health authorities to
inspect the food at regular intervals.
Section 15-79-50. A person, including an employee or volunteer for a
charitable or nonprofit organization, who sells, or offers to sell,
for profit, food that the person knows to be donated pursuant to this
chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be
punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or by a term of
imprisonment not exceeding thirty days. For purposes of this section,
the assessment of a nominal fee or request for a donation by the
charitable or nonprofit organization is not a sale.”
SECTION 2. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
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